Environmental Diagnosis of Coastal Wetlands and Analysis of Anthropogenic Activities: Case of the West Coast of Algeria

Mehtougui Farouk, Kerfouf Ahmed, Boubakeur Fatima Zohra, Mehtougui Mohamed Samir

Abstract


The Mediterranean basin is rich in wetlands of great ecological, social and economic value. Yet these important  natural assets have been considerably degraded or destroyed, mainly during the 20th century. The wetlands of western Algeria are characterized by massive urbanization. This anarchic urbanization leads to over exploitation of the natural environment. The installation of numerous residential, industrial and tourist complex sites is a complication that suffocates many recreational sites and degrades the coastal environment. This situation has created a spatial disruption of the entire ecosystem, causing physical and biological disturbances. It is in this context that our diagnosis is inscribed to better understand the stakes of human activities and the urban dynamics of the Algerian west coast. The diagnosis made it possible to highlight an intense anthropogenic activities, and an important industrial activities generating numerous damages to the coastal environment.


Keywords


wetlands; environmental diagnosis; coastal ecosystem; anthropogenic activities; Algeria.

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References


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