Oncogenic Effect of Helicobacter Pylori, Prevention and Treatment Approach- A Review

Pooja Dosieah, Tan Luxuan, Zhang Zhen-Yu

Abstract


Chronic gastritis has been long known to be related with gastric cancer. Most importantly, for most instances of gastric cancer, the fundamental reason for gastritis is ascribed to H. Pylori infection. Understanding the pathophysiologic mechanism that lead to gastric cancer is important for screening, prevention and treatment purposes. Gastritis can activate an oncogenic mechanism via the Correa cascade. However, studiePooja Dosieahs reported that the risk of gastric malignancy increments fundamentally when gastritis is combined with H. Pylori contamination. Other than the upper gastrointestinal tract, H. Pylori is additionally engaged with the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer. Treatment aiming at eradicating H. Pylori through the appropriate regimens is important. The triple standard therapy or the quadruple therapies are the universally accepted regimens. All infected patients should be subjected to H. Pylori treatment. An essential issue is to recognize those individuals at a greater possibility of developing H. Pylori infection including those with peptic ulcer illness, previous history of peptic ulcer disease, low-grade gastric mucosa-related lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, or a past history of endoscopic resection of early gastric disease.


Keywords


Helicobacter pylori; Gastric cancer; Colorectal carcinogenesis; GERD.

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References


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