Characteristics of Leisure Participation Amongst Older Adults in Karanganyar Central Java Indonesia

Ninik Nurhidayah, Muchammad Syamsulhadi, Sapja Anantanyu, Ari Probandari


The study aims to describe the characteristic of leisure participation amongst older adults in Karanganyar Central Java Indonesia. The study was conducted with cross-sectional design in Karanganyar Central Java Indonesia. Sampling technique was used multistage random sampling, a total of 120 elders. Some questionnaires were used as data gathering instruments. Data were then analyzed with chi-square analysis. The most frequent participation is included in active activity during the past is gardening (58%), the recent time is take a walk (44%), and will do the future is taking a walk (47%). The most frequent participation is included in passive activity during all the time such as watching TV, the past (68%), the recent time (72%), and will do the future (72%). A socializing is the most common social activity; in the past time (72%), at present (69%) and for the future (71%). The highest frequency in leisure time use is categorized 1-3 times/week amounted to 39 (41.9%) in 60-74 years age group. Overall participation in the utilization of free time is highly categorized with the percentage of 80.8%. Willingness to participate is categorized as moderate (90.8%). The ability of older adults to participate is highly categorized (79.2%). Opportunities for the older adults to participate are high-categorized as 60%. The listed activities documented throughout the research are possible to be recommended for the older adults, such as watching TV, socializing relatives & neighbors, and taking a walk. However, the frequency of leisure participation is still low and although both of the ability and opportunity are high, the willingness to participate is still in needs to be improved. Hence, an empowerment program is required to improve the willingness of the older adults to participate in the utilization of leisure time.


leisure; participation; older adults.

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