Management Styles and Organizational Effectiveness: An Appraisal of Private Enterprises in Northern Nigeria

Enoch Gembu Stephen, Israel Emenike Eke, Dickson Nandes Cinjel


The study investigated Management styles and Organizational effectiveness of private enterprises in Kano State of Nigeria. A survey design was adopted in this study. The population of the study consisted of top, middle and lower levels of managers of private enterprises across the eight industrial sectors of Kano State. A sample of one hundred and twenty nine (129) managers was drawn from the three levels of management of private enterprises from the eight industrial groups. Proportionate Stratified random sampling method was used in the selection of the respondents to ensure fair representation from the three levels of management. The main instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire designed in a 5-point Likert scale of strongly agree to strongly disagree and excellent to poor. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson product moment correlation statistic. The study found that participative and paternalistic management styles were the predominant management styles in practice, the effectiveness of private enterprises were well above average, there was a relationship between management styles and organizational effectiveness.

It was concluded that different management styles were adopted in the running of private enterprises depending on the characteristics inherent such firms. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that private enterprises should adopt management styles in tandem with the achievement of set goals, cultural values and organizational peculiarities as there was no one best management style.


Management Styles; Organizational Effectiveness; Private Enterprises; Industrial group; Kano State.

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