Toxoplasmosis in Pregnancy: Diagnosis, Risk Factors, and Management

Mohamed Abdelgadir Shaaeldin, Sumeya A. Khieri, Khalid Nasralla, Zaheera Saadia, Mohamed Alkhatim Alsammani

Abstract


Toxoplasma gondiiis an opportunistic parasitic protozoan infection. Toxoplasmosis is the most common food-borne infection throughout the world. In pregnancy, fetal complications range from abortion, physically-disabled children to fetal demise. This review examined risk factors diagnosis and treatment of Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy pregnant.Pregnant women contract the infection through contaminated food, unpasteurized milk and proximity with infected animals most commonly cats. Recent evident have demonstrated the benefit of screening and treatment for toxoplasmosis duringperiod of pregnancyby decreasing vertical transmission of the Toxoplasma gondiiparasite to the growing fetus. There are several ways for pregnant women to protect themselves from contracting the disease during pregnancy. In this review, we discussed diagnosis, prevention, and management of toxoplasmosis during pregnancy.


Keywords


Toxoplasmosis; pregnancy; diagnosis; prevention; mass screening; treatment.

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References


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