Marine Control Model in Economic Management of Small Pelagic Capture Fishery in WPPNRI-711

Djamarel Hermanto, Tri Kusumastanto, Luky Adrianto, Supartono Supartono

Abstract


The Fisheries Management Area of Indonesia-711 (WPPNRI-711) is the fishing ground of small pelagic which is vulnerable to illegal fishing activities. The research aimed (1) to estimate the economic values of small pelagic catch fishery and the economic loss caused by illegal fishing, (2) to formulate the model of marine control in order to improve fishermen welfare and GDP. The primary data were collected by interviewing the fishermen, the ocean guard inspector and the expert using questionnaire from July to November 2016. The secondary data were obtained from the Catch Fisheries of Indonesian Statistics Data. The illegal fishing ship data were obtained from the marine resources and fisheries station, Indonesian Navy, and the Marine Security Guard (Bakamla). The data series of 2005 to 2016 were then analyzed using Bio-economic analysis model (Gordon Schaefer) and Surplus Production Model (Fox) to analyze the economic benefits.

The optimum economic exploitation of small pelagic is 5,040 fishing ships efforts, 13,560.30 tons per year productions, and Rp 225,501.54 million economic rent per year. Meanwhile, the value of fishing 3,284.76 tons and Rp 53,798.26 million due to illegal fishing per year. The exploitation rate carried out in small pelagic catch fishery still must be improved to the optimum rate. The result of Importance and Productivity Analysis (IPA) and SWOT Analysis describes that the marine control model which is effective, efficient and sustainable is indispensable, to combat illegal fishing in WPPNRI-711.


Keywords


marine control model; economic management; small pelagic; WPPNRI-711.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia (BPS). Pendapatan Nasional Indonesia Tahun 2012-2016. Jakarta, Indonesia. 2017.

Daniel W. “3 Wilayah di RI Ini Rawan Pencurian Ikan.” Detikfinance (Dec. 20, 2014), finance.detik.com.

Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Tangkap Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan (Ditjen PTKKP). Statistik Perikanan Tangkap di Laut Menurut Wilayah Pengelolaan Perikanan Negara Republik Indonesia. Jakarta, Indonesia. 2016.

Fauzi A. Ekonomi Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan : Teori dan Aplikasi. Jakarta, Indonesia: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2010.

Fox WW. An Experimental Surplus Yield Model for Optimizing Exploitated Fish Population. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc., 1970, 99(1): 80-88.

Gordon HS. (1954, April). “The Economic Theory of A Common Property Resource: The Fishery.” Journal Political Economics. [On- line]. 62(2), pp. 124-142. Available: http://links.jstor.org/sici? [Dec.1, 2016].

Ikhsan M. “Illegal Fishing Kembali Menggila di Laut Natuna.” Batamnews (Jun.09,2017), batamnews.co.id.

Martilla JA., James JC. (1977, Jan). “Importance-Productivity Analysis,” Journal of Marketing. [On-line]. 41(1), pp. 77-79. Available: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1250495 [Jun. 06, 2017].

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan (Kementerian KKP). Peraturan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan No. 18 Tahun 2014 Tentang Wilayah Pengelolaan Perikanan Negara Republik Indonesia [Salinan]. Jakarta, Indonesia. 2014.

Kusumastanto T. Ekonomi Kelautan. Bogor, Indonesia: PKSPL-IPB, 2006.

Kusumastanto T. Ocean Policy Dalam Membangun Negeri Bahari Di Era Otonomi Daerah. Jakarta, Indonesia: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2003.

Maple 12. Installation Guide. Maplesoft.

Nazir M. Metode Penelitian. Bogor, Indonesia: Penerbit Ghalia Indonesia, 2013.

Nikijuluw VPH. Blue Water Crime: Dimensi Sosial Ekonomi Perikanan Ilegal. Jakarta, Indonesia: PT Pustaka Cidesindo, 2008.

Purnomo A. “Analisa Potensi dan Permasalahan Sumberdaya Ikan Pelagis Kecil di Perairan Utara Jawa Tengah.” M.A. thesis, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, 2002.

Pusat Hidrografi dan Oseanografi TNI AL (Pushidros). Data Wilayah Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia. Jakarta, Indonesia. 2012.

Rangkuti F. Analisis SWOT: Teknik Membedah Kasus Bisnis. Jakarta, Indonesia: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2015.

Rewis J. Menjahit Laut yang Robek Paradigma Archipelago State Indonesia. Yayasan Malesung, Jakarta, Indonesia. 2004. Hlm. xii.

Salim P. The Contemporary English Indonesian Dictionary. Jakarta, Indonesia: Modern English Press, 2003.

Schaefer M. Some Aspects of the Dynamics of Populations Importance to the Management of Commercial Marine Fisheries. Bull. Inter-Am. Trop. Comm, 1954, 1:27-56.

UN General Assembly. (Dec.10, 1982). Convention on the Law of the Sea. [On-line]. Avaliable: www.refworld.org/docid/3dd8fd1b4.html. [Dec. 12, 2017].

Indonesian Laws and Regulations. (2004, October 16).. Law of Indonesian Nation Armed Forces. Law Number 34 Year 2004. PDF of Laws in Indonesia.

Indonesian Laws and Regulations. (2014, October 17). Law of the Sea. Law Number 32 Year 2014. PDF of Law in Indonesia.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).