Novel Palm Oil Based Polyols with Amide functionality

Sabrina Soloi, Rohah Abdul Majid, Abdul Razak Rahmat, Jamarosliza Jamaluddin

Abstract


In polymer chemistry, polyol usually used as starting materials for polyurethane (PU) production in which upon reacted with isocyanate will affect the physical and chemical properties of the obtained PU. Polyols that are mostly derived from petrochemical resources are facing the issues such as depletion of petroleum sources as well as the increasing in market price. Ring opening reaction (ROR) of epoxidized palm oil (EPO) had been carried out using isopropanolamine (IPA) to impart polyol with amide functionality. The effect of reaction time on the opening of oxirane ring was investigated. FTIR spectra showed that the oxirane ring of EPO can occurs at 6 hours reaction time, corresponding to the deacreasing intensity of  oxirane band at 824-830 cm-1. The OH value of the amide- functionalized-polyol was calculated at around 240-253 mg KOH/g. By prolonging the reaction time the OH value has slightly reduced. Mass spectroscopy analysis revealed that the polyol has a molecular weight in the range of oligo-polyols (400 – 500 Da).


Keywords


Ring opening reaction; epoxidized palm oil; isopropanolamine; bio-based polyols; amide polyol.

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References


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