Strategies of Transmigrant Autonomy Development in Farming in South Sumatera Province, Indonesia

Malta Malta, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Anna Fatchiya, Djoko Susanto

Abstract


The development of the autonomy of transmigration community in farming is very necessary to make the transmigrants able to increase their income and achieve prosperity. Autonomy is an inner capability that joins with the capabilities of other individuals who form a partnership to achieve the greatest success together. The objectives of the research were to formulate an effective strategy to develop the autonomy of transmigrants in farming. The study was conducted from May 2016 to January 2017. The total population was 3,537 transmigrant households. The size of the sample in this study was determined by using the Slovin formula. The number of samples was 359 respondents, using the stratified random sampling. The research data consisted of primary data and secondary data. The primary data were obtained through structured interviews, in-depth interviews, and field observations. The development strategy of transmigrants’ autonomy in farming was formulated based on the result of SEM (Structural Equation Modeling). The results of the study showed that the strategy to develop the autonomy of transmigrants in farming was by increasing access to resources, support of socio-cultural environment, extension activities, and the quality of individual characteristics of transmigrants.


Keywords


autonomy; farming; transmigrants; transmigration.

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