Effectiveness of PMT Supplement Biscuit to Hemoglobin Content of Pregnant Woman in Pare Pare City

Henrick Sampeangin, Razak Thaha, Veni Hadju, Saifuddin Siraddjudin, Anwar Mallongi

Abstract


Malnutrition that occurs during pregnancy has a cumulative effect on pregnant women's hemoglobin levels. Currently there is a lack of information on the effectiveness of new PMT biscuits produced by the Ministry of Health, Indonesia in 2015 against pregnant women hemoglobin level. This research was conducted using quantitative method that aims to analyze the effectiveness of PMT biscuits containing multi micronutrients to pregnant women hemoglobin and also to investigate the difference of hemoglobin level before and after consuming PMT biscuit. 54 questionnaires were distributed to all participants by using purposive sampling, which were then analyzed by applying the paired sample t-test in SPSS.  The respondents were divided into two groups which are obedient pregnancy women and disobedient pregnancy women in consuming the PMT biscuit. The study discovered that there was no significant difference at the hemoglobin level in the group of obedient pregnancy women before and after consuming the PMT biscuit. The study also found that there was no significant difference at the hemoglobin level before and after consuming the PMT biscuit in the group of disobedient pregnancy women. The hemoglobin level before consuming the PMT biscuit was a bit higher than the hemoglobin level after consuming the PMT biscuit in the group of obedient pregnancy women, meanwhile the group of disobedient pregnancy women experienced lower level of hemoglobin before consuming the PMT biscuit compared with the hemoglobin level after consuming the PMT biscuit. However, the difference in hemoglobin level did not show a significant difference among the groups of pregnancy women.


Keywords


affectivity; PMT biscuit; pregnancy women; hemoglobin; paired sample t-test.

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