Gender Analisis in the Management of Rice, Corn, and Soybean Farming in Banten Province

Asih Mulyaningsih, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Dwi Sadono, Djoko Susanto

Abstract


The agricultural sector has an important role in development. The existence of a community culture that places women with a particular perspective leads to gender biased in farming activities. The purpose of this research is to analyze the pattern of division of labor and gender relation and the gender gap in Rice, Corn, and Soybean (Pajale) farming. The research was conducted for three months, starting from April to June 2017. The research location in Pandeglang and Lebak regencies is the center of the Pajale plant in Banten Province. The number of samples in this study was 216 farming families (husband and wife). The data collected were processed using Mann Whitney's inferential statistics because the type of data in this research is ordinal and gender gap analysis using the Gender Disparity Index (IPG). The result of this research is there is the difference of pattern of division of labor and gender relation in farmer of men and women and there is the gender gap between male and female farmer. This situation is caused by patriarchal culture in Banten society is still very strong. Conclusion, appropriate extension strategies are needed to ensure that gender equality in their farming can be achieved.


Keywords


Rice; Corn; Soybean; Gender.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Auma OC, Mulonji M. 2017. Role of Community Participation in Sustainability of Government Funded Food Security Projects, Case Study of Njaa Marufuku Kenya Msambweni Sub Country. International Journal of Sciences Basic and Applied Research. vol 32(2), pp. 293-307. Available: http://gssrr.org/index.php?journal=JournalOfBasicAndApplied. [Oktober, 30, 2017].

Baden S, Reeves H. Gender, and development: concepts and definitions. Sussex: Bridge Inc. 2000.

Bhastoni K, Yuliati Y 2015. Peran wanita tani di atas usia produktif dalam usahatani sayuran organik terhadap pendapatan rumah tangga di Desa Sumberejo Kecamatan Batu. Jurnal Habitat 26 (2), pp. 119-129. Available: http://habitat.ub.ac.id/index.php/habitat/article/view/206. [March,3, 2016].

Hartomo W. Kebijakan sistem usaha tani berkelanjutan perspektif gender di Kabupaten Karanganyar Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Disertasi, IPB Bogor. Indonesia. 2007.

Hubeis AVS. Pemberdayaan Perempuan dari Masa ke Masa. IPB Press Bogor.2010.

Kusumo RAB, Sunarti E, Pranadji DK. 2008. Analisis gender pada keluarga petani padi dan hortikultura di daerah pinggiran perkotaan. Jurnal Kependudukan Padjajaran 10(1): 64-80. Available: http://www.ejournal.unpati.ac.id./kependudukan/article/download/doc6/2439. [ Mei, 5, 2016].

Moser CON. Gender Planning and Development: Teori, Practice & Training. Rouliedge. London. 1993.

Mosse JC. Gender dan pembangunan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. 2002.

Pacris TLM, Geges DB. 2015. Factor Affecting Women’s Participation in Selected Trade Union Groups in Laguna, Philippines. International Journal of Sciences Basic and Applied Research 24(4) pp. 65-82. Available: http://gssrr.org/index.php?journal=JournalOfBasicAndApplied. [Oktober, 30, 2017].

Perez C, Jones CM, Kristjanson P, Cramer L, Thornton PK, Barahona WFC. How resilient are farming households and communities to a changing climate in Africa A gender-based perspective. Journal. Global Environmental Change. 34 (1): pp. 95–107. Kenya. 2015.

Priyadi U. 2005. Tingkat kesetaraan gender pada usaha tani padi di Kecamatan Mlati Kabupaten Sleman. Available: www.data.dppm.uii.ac.id. [November, 18, 2016].

Prijono O.S., Pranarka A.M.W. Pemberdayaan: Konsep, Kebijakan dan Implementasi. Jakarta. CSIS.1996.

Puspitasari N, Puspitawati H, Herawati T. 2013. Peran gender, kontribusi ekonomi perempuan, dan kesejahteraan keluarga petani hortikultura. Jurnal Ilmu keluarga dan konsumen 6(1): Available http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jikk/article/view/7698/5961. [ April, 10, 2016]

Rahmat J. Psikologi Komunikasi. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. 2002.

Rianse U, Abdi. Metodologi Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi. Bandung (ID): Penerbit Alfabeta. 2008.

Rini EP, Tenaya IMN, Astiti NWS. 2014. Peran wanita tani dalam penerapan teknologi pengelolaan tanaman terpadu (PTT) pada usahatani jagung di Kecamatan Pringgabaya Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Jurnal Manajemen agribisnis 2(1): 76-83 [diunduh 13 Maret 2016]. Available http://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/agribisnis/article. [March,13, 2016].

Rogers E M. Diffusion of Innovations. Fifth Edition. London: Free Press. 2003.

Saleh K, Sumardjo, Hubeis AVS, Puspitawati H. 2017. The Effect of Social Capital in Inproving the Capital of Rural Women As Emping Melinjo Cottage Industry Actors in Banten Province, Republik of Indonesia. International Journal of Sciences Basic and Applied Research. 33(1), pp: 300-312. Available: http://gssrr.org/index.php?journal=JournalOfBasicAndApplied. [Oktober, 30, 2017].

Simatauw M, Simanjuntak L, Kuswardono PT. Gender dan pengelolaan sumber daya alam: sebuah panduan analisis. Kupang: Yayasan PIKUL. 2001.

Soenarmo MS. Kesetaraan gender dalam pembangunan perikanan pantai kasus Kabupaten Subang Jawa Barat. Disertasi. IPB Bogor. Indonesia. 2007.

Sugarda TD, Sudarmanto, Sumintaredja S. Penyuluhan Pertanian. Jakarta Yayasan Pengembangan Sinar Tani. 2001.

Sungkawa I. 2014. Kajian keterlibatan perempuan (gender) dalam usahatani padi di kabupaten bandung, subang, dan karawang. Jurnal Comtech 5(2): 860-869 Available: http://www.scholar.google.binus.ac.id. [Juni, 8, 2016]

Taridala SAA, Harianto, Siregar H, Herdinsyah. 2010. Analisis peran gender dalam pencapaian ketahanan pangan rumah tangga petani di Kabupaten Konawe Selatan Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. J. Forum pascasarjana 33(4) pp: 263-274 Available: http://download.portalgaruda.org/article.php. [March, 3, 2016]

Tuyizere AP. Gender and development. The role of religion and culture. Kampala: Fountain Publishers Ltd. 2007.

Weiliang S, Eriksson T, Linxiu Z, Yunli B. Off-farm employment and time allocation in on-farm work in rural China from gender perspective. China Economic Review. 41 (1) pp: 34–45. 2016.

Wood JT. Communication, gender and culture. Belmont: Thomson Wadsworth. 2007.

Yunita. ”Strategi Peningkatan Kapasitas Rumahtangga Petani Padi Sawah Lebak menuju Ketahanan Pangan Rumahtangga, Kasus di Kabupaten Ogan Ilir dan Ogan Komering Ilir, Sumatera Selatan”. Disertasi. Bogor. Indonesia. 2011.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).