Nutrient and Phytochemical of Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum graecum) Seeds

Methaq Nazhan Mahmood, Isra Khald Yahya

Abstract


The aqueous extract and alcoholic extract were used for analyzing the  main phytochemical , nutrient and active groups composition of  fenugreek seeds powder (Trigonella foenum graecum).The preliminary tests of active groups in extracts were carried out. It appeared to contain (alkaloids , flavonoids , steroids , carbohydrates, trepenes , tannins , saponins , glycosides , free amino acid , crude protein and phenolic compounds ) . The extracts were different in  their content of active groups quantitatively and qualitatively . The amount of moisture and crude fiber , total ash , total oil , concentration of crude protein , carbohydrate , nitrogen content and caloric value on a dry weight basis , were found to be (6.833±0.531) humidity ,solid material (93.166±0.531) , crude fiber (17.0±0.2) , the percentage of total ash were (3.566±0.478) , the percentage of total oil (7.15±0.25) ,concentration of crude protein (28.45±0.15) , while the concentration of carbohydrates (1340±0.029 mg/100g) , and the caloric value for fenugreek seeds powder is (5544.9) kcal/100g. The quantitative content of (alkaloids , flavonoids , steroids , tannins , free amino acid , saponins ) were estimated. The results indicated that the percentage alkaloids (1.8±0.1%) , percentage of flavonoids was (12.135±0.465%) , while the concentration of steroids (214±0.024 mg/100g ) , tannin concentration (63.69±1.67 mg/100g) , and amino acid concentration (70±0.064 mg/100g) , and percentage of saponine was (25.65±0.69%) . The present study showed that fenugreek seeds is a very rich energy and antioxidant .So that is very important to be entered the system of human nutrition , are economic nutritional source can be used as human food supplement, which contains important amounts of carbohydrates, protein, fat and amino acids. 


Keywords


fenugreek seeds; Active compounds; Nutritive.

Full Text:

PDF

References


. Thomas, J.E. ; Bandara, M. ; Lee, E. ; Driedger, D. ; Acharya, S. Biochemical monitoring in fenugreek develop functional food and medicinal plant variants. N Biotechnol 2011 ; 110–117.

. Parildar, H. ; Serter, R. ; Yesilada, E. Diabetes mellitus and phytotherapy in Turkey. J Pak Med Assoc 2011; 61(11): 1116-1120.

. Vaidya, H.B. ; Ahmed, A.A.; Goyal, R.K.; Cheema, S.K. Glycogen Phosphorylase-a is a common target for anti-diabetic effect of iridoid and secoiridoid glycosides. J Pharm Pharm Sci 2013; 16(4): 530-540.

. Kumar, M. ; Parsad, M.; Arya, R.K. Grain yield and quality improvement in fenugreek: A review.Forage Res 2013a; 39 (1):1 -9.

. Prasad, R. ; Acharya, S.; Erickson, S., and Thomas, J. Identification of Cercospora leaf spot resistance among fenugreek accessions and characterization of the pathogen . Aus J Crop Sci 2014; 8(6): 822-830.

. Leela, N.K.; Shafeekh, K.M. Fenugreek. In: Parthasarathy VA, Chempakam B, Zachariah TJ, editors. Chemistry of Spices. Biddles Ltd, King’s Lynn, UK, CAB International; 2008; pp. 242–59.

. Laila, O.; Murtaza, I. ; Abdin, M.Z. ; Ahmad, S.; Ganai, N.A.; Jehangir, M. Development and validation of HPTLC method for simultaneous estimation of diosgenin and quercetin in fenugreekseeds (Trigonella foenumgraceum).ISRN Chromatography 2013; 1-8.

. Acharya, S.N.; Basu, S.K. ; Thomas, J.E. Medicinal Properties of Fenugreek. In : Advances in Medical Plant Research, Acharya SN, Thomas JE, editors. Research Sign post, Kerala, India.2007; pp. 81 -122.

. Sudha ; Mathangi, S.K. Functional compounds of some traditional greens and its medicinal properties.Int J Univ. Pharm. Bio Sci.2013; 267-292.

. Mehrafarin, A.; Qaderi, A.; Rezazadeh, Sh.; Naghdi-Badi H.; Noormohammadi, Gh.; and Zand, E. Bioengineering of important secondary metabolites and metabolic pathways in fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum L.).J Med Plants 2010; 9(35): 1 – 18.

. Priya, V.; Jananie, R.K.; Vijayalakshmi, K. GC/MS determination of bioactive components of Trigonella foenum-grecum.J Chem Pharm Res 2011; 3 (5): 35-40.

. Kokate, C.K.; Purohit, A.P. and Gokhale, S.B. Pharmacognosy. Nirali Prakashan 2009; 6:16-17.

. Mahmoud, M. J. Chemistry of medicinal plants. Printed in Anwar Dijla, Bagdad, Iraq 2008:13-16.

. Rashant ,T.; Bimlesh, K., Mandeep, K.; Gurpreet,K. and Harleen, K. Phytochemical screening and Extraction: A Review.Int. Pharm. Sci. 2011;1(1): 98-106.

. Sofowara, A. Medicinal plants and Traditional medicine in Africa. Ibadan, Nigeria ,Spectrum Books Ltd.1993. p. 289.

. Harborne, J.B. .Phytochemical methods. 2nd ED, New York, USA.Chapman and hall 1985.

. Gibbs, R.D. Chemotaxonomy of Flowering Plants. Montreal and London, McGill Queen’s University Press,. 1974.

. Zade, M.B. and Salunke, S.D. Total mineral content of rare fruits grown in latur district. Hi-Tech Res. Anal. 2011( 1) 1:6-10.

. AOAC. Official methods of analysis of the association of analytical Chemists, Washington D.C. 1990;pp: 12-13.

. AOAC. Official methods of analysis of the association of official’s analytical chemists, 17th edn. Association of official analytical chemists, Arlington, Virginia. 2003.

. Nielson, S.S. Phenol-Sulfuric Acid method for total carbohydrates .Food Science Text Series. 2010 Pp.47-53.

. Indrayan, A. K.; Sudeep, S.; Deepak, D.; Neeraj, K. and Manoj, K. Determination of nutritive value and analysis of mineral elements for some medicinally valued plants from Uttaranchal. Curr Sci. 2005; 89: 1252-1255.

. Sadasivam, S. and Manickam, A. Biochemical Methods (Colorimetric Method). 3rd ED. New Delhi, India ,New Age International Publishers 2008;pp:116-117.

. Mattila, P. and Hellström, J. .Phenolic acids in potatoes, vegetables, and some of their products . J. Food Compost. Anal.2007; 20: 152-60.

. Obadoni B.O.; Ochuko P.O. .Phytochemical studies and Comparative efficacy of the crude extracts of some homeostatic Plants in Edo and delta States of Nigeria. Global J. Pure Appl.Sci.2001;(80):203-208.

. Attarde, D.; Pawar, J.; Chaudhari, B. and Pal, S. estimation of sterols content in edible oil and ghee samples. E.J.E.A.F. Che. 2010; 9 (10):1593-1597.

. Boham, B. A. and Kocipai, A. C. Flavonoids and condensed tannins from the leaves of Hawaiian vaccinum vaticulatum and V. calycinum. Pacific Sci. 1994; 48(4): 458-463.

. kumari, O. S. ; Rao, N.B. and Gajula R.G. Phytochemical analysis and anti-microbial activity of Trigonella Foenum graecum (Methi seeds). Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies . 2016;4(4): 278-281.

. Chalghoumi, R. ; Mabrouki, S. and Abdouli, H. Antibacterial Activity of Fenugreek seeds (Trigonella Foenum graecum) Crude Extracts Against a Rabbit Escherichia Coli Isolate. Academia Journal of Microbiology Research. 2016;4(11) :139-144.

. Yadav, R. ; Chowdhury, P. Screening the Antioxidant activity of Trigonella Foenum graecum seeds. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Applications .2017;2(1):65-70.

. Nandagopal, S. ; Dhanalakshmi, D. P. ; Kumar, A. G. and Sujitha, D. Phytochemical and Antibacterial studies of Fenugreek Trigonella Foenum-graecum L.-A Multipurpose Medicinal Plant. Journal of Pharmacy Research. 2012;5(1):413-415.

. Buba, F. ; Ngura, U. and Abdulrahman, A. A. Studies on the physicochemical properties of fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum-GraecumL.) seeds. Der Pharmacia Lettre. 2015; 7 (3):104-107.

. Burham, B. O. Chemical composition, Elements and Photochemical contents of Trigonella foenum-graecum L. (Seeds). Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences. 2017;7(3): 572-578.

. Agrawal, R.S.; Shirale, D.O.; Syed, H.M. and Abdul Rasheed S. A. Physico-Chemical Properties of Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum - Graceum L.) Seeds. Ijltemas.2015;4(10):68-70.

. Dilshad, A. Physicochemical Properties of Chemurgic-Fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum) Herb of Different Origin. Der Pharma Chemica. 2017; 9(1):102-106.

. Sharara, M. S. Effect of Germination and Heat Treatment on Chemical Composition and Bioactive Components of Fenugreek Seeds. World Journal of Dairy & Food Sciences. 2017;12 (1): 33-41.

. Al-Maamari, I. T. ; Khan, M. M. ; Ali, A.; Al-Sadi, A. M.; Waly, M. I. and Al-Saady, N. A. DIVERSITY IN PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF OMANI FENUGREEK (Trigonella foenum - graecum L.) ACCESSIONS. Pakjas Journal Agricultural Sciences. 2016;53(4): 851-862.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).