Study on Community Health Behavior Coastal Society in Kendari City, Province of Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia

La Dupai, Weka Widayati, La Sara, Nani Yuniar

Abstract


One of the health problems faced by coastal communities is environmental health issues related to community behavior in the management and utilization of environmental resources. Generally, coastal settlements are areas where there is a very complex healthcare rate that increases the availability of very limited basic health facilities and infrastructure. The existence of limited health facilities and environmental health facilities resulted in the low level of public health coastal areas. This study goals to analyze the behavior of coastal communities from aspects of knowledge, attitudes and actions of the community in relation to the management and utilization of environmental health facilities coastal communities of Kendari City. The type of research it’s survey by using quantitative method. The number of samples are 310 respondents. In this research, the data collected using questionnaire and field observation.

The results showed that knowledge, attitude and actions of the community on the management and utilization of environmental health facilities have been included in the good category. The observation findings there are still people who throw the garbage directly to the sea, the ownership of the family toilet is still lacking, the lack of clean and healthy live behavior especially smoking.  The conclusion is obtained that although the knowledge, attitude and actions of the community in the management and utilization of environmental health facilities are in good category, but in the implementation there is a bad behavior of people who throw garbage into the sea and smoking behavior. Recommendations: The need for socialization, education and training for community-based empowerment for health, advocacy and cross-sectored cooperation of government agencies in the formulation and improvement of policies through the management of living resources and institutional health facilities and ongoing supervision.


Keywords


Health Behavior; Community Health; Environment; Coastal Area.

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