Effect of Phosphorus and Sulfur on the Yield and Nutrients Uptake of Wheat

Khitab Ullah, Mohammad Jamal khan


A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of phosphorus and sulfur on the yield and nutrients uptake of wheat at New Developmental Research Farm (NDF)  Malakandher, University of Agriculture, Peshawar in Rabi season during 2011-2012. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Phosphorus was applied  at the rate of 60, 90 and 120 kg ha-1 as DAP where as sulfur was applied at the rate of  45, 60 and 75 kg ha-1 as ammonium sulphat  along with control ( no fertilizer) and a treatment of just N and K  as basal dose (120 + 60 kg ha-1). The results showed that biological yield increased significantly (p≤0.05) over control when P and S were applied at the rate of 90-45 kg ha-1where as significantly higher grain yield was recorded in treatment receiving 120 kg P and 45 kg S along with a basal dose of N and K, Significantly highest straw yield of 4245 kg ha-1 was noted in treatment receiving 90 kg P along with 45 kg S ha-1. The soil samples collected at anthesis stage and post harvest stage showed that the P and S contents were significantly affected and the higher values were noted in plot receiving the maximum level of the respective fertilizer i.e P and S but the trend of increase was not consistent with respect to the amount of P and S applied. The P and S content in leaves indicated that higher level of S (75 kg ha-1) resulted in significantly low uptake of P and vice versa indicating their antagonistic effect with each other. This antagonistic effect was displayed in the yield whereby maximum grain yield was obtained where higher dose of P along with lower level of S was applied. 


Phosphorus; Sulfur; yield ; Nutrients Uptake ; Antagonistic effect.

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