Rice Resistance-Treated with Endophyte Fungi Against Drought Stress

Rangga Yuspradana, Suryo Wiyono, Rahayu Widyastuti

Abstract


Drought problem is a major inhibiting factor for the crops producing and growing, one of them rice plants that require a lot of water supply. Endophyte fungi a potential for increasing plant resistance against drought. This study aims to determine the endophyte fungi enhancing growth of rice plants in drought stress conditions with three treatments of field capacity. Type of endophyte fungi used in this study is Acremonium sp., Curvularia sp., Penicillium sp., and Nigrospora sp. We compare some growth and biological parameters such as germination capability, ability of colonization, stomatal density, plant height and number of tillers, plant weight, root length, root volume, ratio root : shoot and leaf color. Statistical analysis using a two-factor randomized block design. The result showed that endophyte fungi treatment increased stomatal density, plant height, number of tillers, dry weight, root length, root volume, dry root weight, and leaf color index when compared with endophyte treatment in low water capacity treatment. The treatment of endophyte fungi curvularia sp. gave the highest results on the parameters of stomatal density, dry weight of stem, root length, root dry weight significantly different from treatment without endophytes. in contrast, the parameters of the number of open stomata are not significantly different with no endophytes so that the fungi can increase help rice plant to growth in under drought stress conditions.


Keywords


rice plant; drought stress conditions; endophyte fungi; growth and biological parameter.

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References


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