Limitations to Peri-urban Vegetable Farming in Ghana: An Overview of Root Knot Nematodes Contribution

Joseph Adomako, Kingsley Osei, Frederick Kankam, Yaw Danso

Abstract


Root knot nematodes represent important pathogens affecting global crop production due to their wide host range. The attack of root knot nematode on various vegetable crops leads to delayed maturity, reduced yields and quality of crop produce, high costs of production and therefore loss of income. However, their damage in most cases is overlooked and goes unnoticed by majority of farmers because the damage presents symptoms of drought and nutrient stress conditions. The limited knowledge among farmers about the problems associated with root knot nematodes and the inadequate management measures for curtailing the menace presents a major hindrance for vegetable crops protection.  Management strategies should be applied in line with integrated pest management (IPM) practices to enhance adoption by farmers. Also, vegetable producers should be educated on the effects of root-knot nematodes.


Keywords


Meloidogyne spp; Nematologist; Nematicides; Pest management; Plant parasitic nematodes.

Full Text:

PDF

References


. Ghana Statistical Services (GSS). Revised gross domestic product 2011. Accra, 2012.

. O. Coffie, T. Larbi, G. Danso, S.K. Kufogbe, M. Henseler, T. Schuetz, and N. Obiri-Opareh. A narrative on peri-urban agriculture in Accra metropolis, 2005.

. A.I. Adeoti, O. Coffie and O.I. Oladele. Gender Analysis of the Contribution of Urban Agriculture to Sustainable Livelihoods in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 36(2), 236-248, 2012.

. L.J.A. Mougeot, Urban agriculture: definition, presence, potentials and risks. In. Growing cities, growing food: urban agriculture on the policy agenda. In Bakker, N.; Dubbeling, M.; Gündel, S.; Sabel-Koschella, U.; de Zeeuw, H., (Ed.) 1-42. Deutsche StiftungfürInternationaleEntwicklung (DSE). Feldafing, Germany: ZentralstellefürErnährung und Landwirtschaft, 2000.

. P. Drechsel and S. Dongus. Dynamics and sustainability of urban agriculture; examples from sub-Saharan Africa. Sustainability Science 5(1): 69-78, 2010.

. Y. Danso, K. Osei, J. Adomako, J.S Asante and B. Abugri. The Impact of Organic Soil Amendments on Population Densities of Plant Parasitic Nematodes and Okra Yield. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International. 6(3): 1-6, 2016.

. J. Adomako and C.K. Kwoseh. Effect of castor bean (Ricinuscommunis) aqueous extracts on the performance of root knot nematodes (Meloidogynespp.) on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). Journal of Science and Technology. 33(1). 1-11, 2013.

. E.M. Onkendia, G.M. Kariukib, M. Maraisc and L.N. Molelekia. The threat of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) in Africa: a review. Plant Pathology. Doi: 10.1111/ppa.12202, 2010.

. B. Zarina. Studies on plant parasitic nematodes of ornamental and vegetable plants with special reference to root-knot nematode. PhD Thesis (Nematology), University of Karachi, Pakistan, 1996.

. J.M. Nicole, S.J.Turner, D.L.Coyne, L. Nijs, S. den Hockland and Z. TahnaMaafi. Key Nematodes Threatening Major Agricultural Crops of Importance Worldwide. In. J. Jones et al. (eds.), Genomics and Molecular Genetics of Plant-Nematode Interactions.,DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-0434-3_2, © Springer Science+Business Media B.V, 2011.

. H.J. Atkinson, C.J. Lilley and P.E. Urwin. Strategies for transgenic nematode control in developed and developing world crops. Food biotechnology-plant Biotechnology, 23: 251-256, 2012.

. F. Manneh, C.K. Kwoseh and J.L, Starr. Production Practices and Pest and Disease Problems of Tomato Farmers in Ashanti Region of Ghana. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International 6(3): 1-9, 2016.

. Y. Danso and C. Kwoseh. Some Okra Production Decisions and Farmers’ Awareness of Meloidogyne species Infection in Two Agro-ecologies, Ghana. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 11(5): 1-6, 2016.

. K. Osei, R.K. Bam and J.S Asante. Rice production practices and farmers’ perception of the white tip nematode (Aphelenchoides besseyi Christie) in Ghana. Journal of Applied Biosciences 47: 3264– 3269, 2011.

. K. Osei, R. T. Awuah, M. A. Tabil, and J. S. Asante. Prevalence and farmers’ perceptions of parasitic nematodes in yam rhizosphere soils from some yam producing areas of Ghana. Agricultural and Food Science Journal of Ghana 3:217-226, 2004.

. N.A. Mitkowski and G.S. Abawi. Root-knot nematodes. The Plant Health Instructor. DOI: 10.1094/PHII-2003-0917-01, 2003.

. Horticulture Australia Limited. Management of root knot nematode in vegetable crops. Internet: www.tia.tas.edu.au, 2014.

. T.K, Wong and W.F Mai. Effect of temperature on growth, development and reproduction of Meloidogyne hapla in lettuce. Journal of Nematology. 5:139-142, 1973.

. J. Adomako, K. Osei, Y. Danso J.S. Asante, B. Abugri and F. Kankam. Response of five cowpea varieties to some phytonematodes under field conditions. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 12(4): 1-5, 2016.

. K. Osei, J.Y. Asibuo, A. Agyeman,, P. Osei-Bonsu, Y. Danso and J. Adomako. Reactions of some confectionery groundnut accessions to plant parasitic nematodes infection. Agrosearch (2013) volume 13(2):1-11, 2013.

. O.B. Hemeng. Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita) as serious pests of yam (Dioscorea spp.), Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science. 11: 131-13, 1978.

. P.G. Addoh. The root-knot nematode problem in Ghana: host and non-host plants of Meloidogyne spp. Ghana Journal of Agricultural. Science. 3:3-12, 1970.

. F.C. Peacock. The effect of crop rotation on root-knot nenatodes in the Gold Coast. Emp. expo Agric. 25:99-107, 1957.

. E.E, Edwards. The root-knot eelworms on weeds and cultivated plants in the Gold Coast. Helminth. 27, 181-184, 1953.

. B.K. Kwara, C.K. Kwoseh, J.L.Starr. Effectiveness of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne species) resistant tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and pepper (Capsicum species) cultivars in Ghana. Nematropica 44:130-136, 2014.

. O.B. Hemeng. Efficacy of selected nematicides for control of root-knot nematodes. Pp. 52-56 in Proceedings of Research Planning Conference on Meloidogynespp. Nov. 16-20, 1981, IITA, Ibadan-Nigeria, 1981.

. P. Abad, J. Gouzy, M.J. Aury, P. Castagnone-Sereno, et al. Genome sequence of the metazoan plant-parasitic nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Nature Biotechnology 26, 909-915, 2008.

. D.L. Coyne, A. Tchabi, H. Baimey, N. Labuschagne, I. Rotifa. Distribution and prevalence of nematodes (Scutellonema bradys and Meloidogyne spp.) on marketed yam (Dioscorea spp.) in West Africa. Field Crops Research 96, 142-150, 2006.

. G. Sidhu and J.M. Webster. Genetics of resistance in the tomato root-knot nematode-wilt-fungus complex. Journal of Heredity 65:153–156, 1974.

. J.N. Sasser. Root-knot nematodes. A global menace to crop production. Plant Diseases Research, 64: 36-41, 1989.

. N.T. Powell. Interactions between nematodes and fungi disease complexes. Annual Review of Phytopathology 9:253-274, 1971.

. M.R. Khan. Nematology in developing countries; India-IMP,Region VIII. In:C. C. Carter, and J. N. Sasser, Eds. An advanced treatise on Meloidogyne Vol.1: Biology and control. Co-Publication of department of Plant Pathology North Carolina State University and the USAID, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA: Pp 379-398, 1994.

. F. Kankam and J. Adomako. Influence of Inoculum Levels of Root Knot Nematodes (Meloidogynespp.) on Tomato (Solanum lycopersicumL.). Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Science 2 (2). 171-178, 2014.

. M.A. Hussain, T. Mukhtar and M.Z. Kayani. Assessment of the damage caused by Meloidogyne incognita on okra. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 21, 857-861. 2011.

. S.A. Anwar, A. Zia, M. Hussain and Kamran, M. Host suitability of selected plants to Meloidogyne incognita in the Punjab, Pakistan. International Journal of Nematology, 17:144-150, 2007.

. C.S. Huang and J.M Charchar. Preplanting inoculum densities of root-knot nematode related to carrot yield in greenhouse. Plant Disease 66, 1064–1066, 1982

. R.A. Sikora and P.R. Fernandez. Nematode parasites of vegetables. In: M.Luc, R. Sikora, J. Bridge (eds.). CAB. Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture, 2nd edition. Institute de Investigaciones de Sandidad. 2005.

. S.K. Singh and R. K. Khurma. Susceptibility of six tomato cultivars to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. The South Pacific Journal of Natural Sciences 13: 73-77, 2007.

. F. Kankam and Adomako, J. Effect of tillage practices on root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) associated with maize (Zea mays). Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Science. 2(3). 207-210, 2014.

. M.A. Siddiqui and M.M. Alam. Integrated management of plant parasitic nematodes with oil cakes / nematicides and ploughing. Pakistan Journal of Nematology 17: 129-136, 1999.

. E.N.K. Sowley, F. Kankam, and J. Adomako. Management of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) on sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) with moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaf powder. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, DOI: 10.1080/03235408.2013.848710. 2013.

. F. Kankam, and J. Adomako. Efficacy of Neem Seed Powder on Root Knot Nematodes (Meloidogynespp.) Infecting Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subterranea). Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Science 2 (2). 116-170. 2014.

. M.R. Khan, R.K. Jain, T.M. Ghule, S. Pal,. Root-knot Nematodes in India; A comprehensive monograph. All India Coordinated Research Project on Plant Parasitic Nematodes with Integrated approach for their Control. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. pp 78, 2014

. N. Nagaraju, N. Karemegam and B. Kadalmani. Eco-friendly management of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita using organic amendments on tomato. International Journal of Research Pharmacological Science, 1: 530-532, 2010.

. H.C.I. Sirias. Root-knot nematodes and coffee in Nicaragua: management systems, species identification and genetic diversity, Plant Breeding. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. PhD thesis, 2011.

. P. Strajnar and S. Širca. The effect of some insecticides, natural compounds and tomato cv. Venezia with Mi gene on the nematode Meloidogyne ethiopica (Nematoda) reproduction. Acta Agriculturae Slovenica 97, 5-10, 2011.

. M.S. Blouin, C.A. Yowell, C.H Courtney and J.B. Dame. Host movement and the genetic structure of populations of parasitic nematodes. Genetics, 141, 1007-14, 1995.

.P.M. Norshie, T.H. Been, C.H. Schomaker. Estimation of partial resistance in potato genotypes against Meloidogyne chitwoodi. Nematology 13, 447-489, 2011.

. F. Jaiteh, C. Kwoseh, C., and R. Akroma. Evaluation of tomato genotypes for resistance to root-knot nematodes. African Crop Science Journal, Vol. 20, Issue Supplement s1, pp. 41 – 49, 2012.

. Y. Danso, R. Akromah and K. Osei. Molecular marker screening of tomato, (solanum lycopersicum L.) Germplasm for root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne species) resistance. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 10(9), pp. 1511-1515, 2011.

. M. Fargette, K. Berthier, M. Richaud, V. Lollier, P. Franck, A. Hernandez and R. Frutos. Crosses prior to parthenogenesis explain the current genetic diversity of tropical plant-parasitic Meloidogyne species (Nematoda: Tylenchida). Infection, Genetics and Evolution 10, 807-814, 2010.

. K. Osei, E. Otoo, Y. Danso, J. Adomako, A. Agyeman, J. Sackey Asante. Organic soil amendments in nematode management in yam production. Nematropica. 43(1) 78-82, 2013.

. F. Kagoda, J. Derera, P. Tongoona and D.L. Coyne. Awareness of plant-parasitic nematodes, and preferred maize varieties, among smallholder farmers in East and Southern Uganda: implications for assessing nematode resistance breeding needs in African maize. International Journal of Pest Management, 56, (3) 217-222. 2010.

. K. Osei, S.A. Ennin, Y. Danso, E. Owusu Danquah and J. Adomako. Management of plant parasitic nematodes with fulan in mechanized yam production. African Journal of Plant Science 9(9), 346-351, 2015.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).