Relationship of Mother Factors, Breastfeeding and Stunting Pattern in Central Sulawesi

Sumiaty Sumiaty, Anna V. Pont, Sundari Sundari

Abstract


Basic Health Research (Riskesdas), The Ministry of Health in Indonesia, reported a prevalence of stunting in 2013 is 37.2%, an increase of Compared to 2010 (35.6%) and 2007 (36.8%). Total stunting in Central Sulawesi in 2013 by 41% and the city of Palu at 21:42%. Stunting risk factors include maternal factors and patterns of breastfeeding. The purpose of this study to Determine the influence of maternal factors and patterns of breastfeeding against stunting in Central Sulawesi. The research was conducted in the city of Palu from August to November 2015. Retrospective cohort study design, the total sample of 65 Households with purposive sampling technique. The research instrument is a validated questionnaire. Data was Analyzed by univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses. The results of the investigation with OR; 95% CI Showed that the factors that influence stunting in this study are no antenatal care with OR = 4.57 (3:05 to 6.85). Maternal height <150 cm with OR = 3.57 (2,47- 5:16), no early initiation of breastfeeding with OR = 3.04 (2.71 to 3:40) and distance birth <3 years OR = 2.81 (1.78 to 4:42). The conclusion that the risk factors of stunting in maternal factors are maternal height <150 cm, distance birth <3 years and no antenatal care, while the breastfeeding is not an early pattern of breastfeeding initiation.


Keywords


Stunting; maternal factors; breastfeeding

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References


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