Climate Change Imprint and Impacts on Livelihood of Indigenous Nationalities: A Case of Chepang Community from Bhumlichowk Area, Gorkha District, Nepal

Samita Duwal, Pawan K Neupane, Bimala Devkota, Yubak Dhoj G. C.

Abstract


Chepangs, one of the underprivileged indigenous, politically and socially marginalized nationalities of Nepal, are facing the consequences of climate change owing to their livelihood dependency on natural resources. This study intended to find out the perception and impacts of climate change on the livelihood of Chepangs living in fragile mountain slopes of Bhumlichowk area (the then Village Development Committee), Gorkha district, Nepal and explored some of the adaptation measures adopted by them. Impact assessment was conducted through analysis of meteorological data and peoples perception on climate change in relation to their livelihood respectively applying Mann-Kendall statistical trend test and generalized questionnaire survey and Participatory Rural Appraisal tools. The results depicted rise in temperature in recent years in comparison to the past years while precipitation showed variable pattern. The maximum temperature increase was more pronounced than minimum and mean temperature. In case of seasonal mean temperature trend, highest increase occurred during monsoon season. The consequences of these changes affected mainly agriculture sector with decrease in crop production resulting food scarcity. Other impacts like increased intensity of disasters and declining Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) were also observed.

The socio-economic vulnerability assessment showed that Thumka village, a community within the study area has the highest vulnerability index (2.50) to climate change because of its weak adaptive capacity. People have already perceived the environment changes at their locality and though having poor local adaptive capacity, adaptation measures like shifting sowing, agro-forestry, terracing etc. are being adopted by them. Strengthening their practices incorporating scientific knowledge is therefore envisaged to enhance the adaptive capacity of local people. It is also imperative to formulate and integrate adaptive strategies and plan in development plans of the study area which indeed will support the community to adapt with the impacts of climate change.


Keywords


Adaptive Capacity; Agro-forestry; Mann-Kendall statistical trend test; Participatory Rural Appraisal.

Full Text:

PDF

References


. M. Macchi , G. Oviedo, S. Gotheil, K. Cross, A. Boedhihartono, C. Wolfangel and M. Howell. "Indigenous and Traditional Peoples and Climate Change", in Issues Paper, IUCN, 2008, pp. 22.

. E/C.19/2008/CRP. Meeting Report of Conference on Indigenous Peoples and Climate Change Copenhagen, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) 21 22 February, 2008, pp. 3.

. O. Gonzalo (2008, April). "Indigenous and Traditional Peoples and Climate Change: Vulnerability and Adaptation". Summary version. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland Switzerland. Available:http://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/iucn_indigenous_peoples_and_climate_change_summary.pdf [August 3, 2017]

. Central Bureau of Statistics. "National Population and Housing Census-National Report", Government of Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal, 2011 pp. 23 & 36.

. L. Piya, K. L. Maharjan and N. P. Joshi. "Livelihood strategies of indigenous nationalities in Nepal: a case of Chepangs". Journal of International Development and Cooperation, vol. 17(2), pp. 99-114, 2011.

. B. Aryal. "State of Food (in) Security in Chepang Community: A Case of Dahakhani VDC, Chitwan". Economic Literature, vol. XI, pp. 60-66, 2013.

. National Trust for Nature Conservation. "Climate Change Impact on Livelihood and Natural Resources of Upper Mustang, Nepal: Annapurna Conservation Area Project". Lalitpur, Nepal, 2012, pp. 31.

. K.L. Shrestha, M.L. Shrestha, N.M. Shakya, M.L. Ghimire and B.K. Sapkota. "Climate Change and Water Resources in Nepal", in Proc. of Year-end Workshop: Climate Change and Water Resources in South Asia, 7-9 January, 2003, pp. 135.

. A. Shrestha, C. Wake, P. Mayewski and J. Dibb. "Maximum Temperature Trends in the Himalaya and its Vicinity: An Analysis Based on Temperature Records from Nepal for the Period 1971 94". Journal of Climate, vol. 129, pp. 2775-2786, 1999.

. D. B. Kattel, and T. Yao. "Recent Temperature Trends at Mountain Stations on the Southern Slope of the Central Himalayas". Journal of Earth System Science, vol. 1221, pp. 215-227, 2013.

. Practical Action. "Temporal and Spatial Variability of Climate Change over Nepal (1976-2005)". Practical Action, Kathmandu, 2009, pp. 34.

. B.R. Regmi and A. Adhikari.. Human Development Report 2007: "Climate Change and Human Development- risk and Vulnerability in a Warming World Country Case Study- Nepal". Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD), Pokhara, Nepal, 2007, pp. 10.

. A. Dixit, Y. Subedi, T. Mcmahon and M. Moench. "Mainstreaming Climate Sensitive Indicator into an Existing Food Monitoring System: Climate Change and Food Security in Nepal". Institute for Social and Environmental Transition-Nepal (ISET- Nepal), Kathmandu, 2013, pp. 7.

. K. Dhakal, S. Silwal and G. Khanal. "Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources and Vulnerability in Hills of Nepal: A Case Study on Dhare Khola Watershed of Dhading District". National Adaptation Program of Action (NAPA) to Climate Change, Ministry of Environment, Government of Nepal, 2010, pp. 19.

. S. Lama and B. Devkota. "Vulnerability of Mountain Communities to Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies". The Journal of Agriculture and Environment,vol. 10, pp. 65-71, 2009.

. MoE. "National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)". Government of Nepal, Ministry of Environment, Singha Durbar, Kathmandu, 2010, pp 11.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).