Climate Change Imprint and Impacts on Livelihood of Indigenous Nationalities: A Case of Chepang Community from Bhumlichowk Area, Gorkha District, Nepal

Samita Duwal, Pawan K Neupane, Bimala Devkota, Yubak Dhoj G. C.


Chepangs, one of the underprivileged indigenous, politically and socially marginalized nationalities of Nepal, are facing the consequences of climate change owing to their livelihood dependency on natural resources. This study intended to find out the perception and impacts of climate change on the livelihood of Chepangs living in fragile mountain slopes of Bhumlichowk area (the then Village Development Committee), Gorkha district, Nepal and explored some of the adaptation measures adopted by them. Impact assessment was conducted through analysis of meteorological data and peoples perception on climate change in relation to their livelihood respectively applying Mann-Kendall statistical trend test and generalized questionnaire survey and Participatory Rural Appraisal tools. The results depicted rise in temperature in recent years in comparison to the past years while precipitation showed variable pattern. The maximum temperature increase was more pronounced than minimum and mean temperature. In case of seasonal mean temperature trend, highest increase occurred during monsoon season. The consequences of these changes affected mainly agriculture sector with decrease in crop production resulting food scarcity. Other impacts like increased intensity of disasters and declining Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) were also observed.

The socio-economic vulnerability assessment showed that Thumka village, a community within the study area has the highest vulnerability index (2.50) to climate change because of its weak adaptive capacity. People have already perceived the environment changes at their locality and though having poor local adaptive capacity, adaptation measures like shifting sowing, agro-forestry, terracing etc. are being adopted by them. Strengthening their practices incorporating scientific knowledge is therefore envisaged to enhance the adaptive capacity of local people. It is also imperative to formulate and integrate adaptive strategies and plan in development plans of the study area which indeed will support the community to adapt with the impacts of climate change.


Adaptive Capacity; Agro-forestry; Mann-Kendall statistical trend test; Participatory Rural Appraisal.

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