Changes in the Coastal Ecosystem of Sabang Island, Indonesia

Mustaqim Mustaqim

Abstract


The research was conducted on the island of Sabang. The method used is a survey and study of literature by using a questionnaire and analyzed using content analysis. The results showed that changes in ecosystems in Sabang Island due to the exploitative use of coastal resources. Changes in ecosystems impact on the lives of fishermen. Changes in ecosystems seen from damage to mangroves and coral reefs. Changes in mangrove ecosystems caused by pollution of tourism industrial waste, the opening of Fish and shrimp ponds, logging for building materials, household waste disposal, diversion of freshwater inflow and disarrayed by a tsunami. Changes in coral reef ecosystems are caused by fish bombings, industrial waste disposal, fishing with toxic materials, ship anchor disposal, coral reef dredging and tsunami disasters. The socio-economic impacts of coastal ecosystem changes are the decline in the number and diversity of fisherman catches, the loss of wood supply, the difficulty of determining fishing areas, coastal pollution, disrupting the regeneration of fish and marine life, ecosystem degradation and changes in fish migration patterns.


Keywords


ecosystems; mangrove; coral reefs; Sabang Island.

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References


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