Review on Fish Identification Tools and Their Importance in Biodiversity and Fisheries Assessments

Adil Sidahmed Omer

Abstract


The present review provides  an appraisal  of existing, state-of-the-art fish identification (ID) tools and shows their  potential  for  providing  the  right  solution  in different  real-life  situations. The  ID  tools  reviewed  are:  Use  of  scientific  experts  (taxonomists)  and  folk local experts,  taxonomic  reference  collections,  image recognition systems,  field guides  based  on  dichotomous keys;  interactive  electronic  keys  (e.g. IPOFIS), morphometrics (e.g. IPez), scale and otolith  morphology, genetic methods  (Single nucleotide  polymorphisms [SNPs] and Barcode [BOL]) and Hydroacoustics. It is expected that it will help fisheries biologists, environmental administrators and other end users to select the best available species identification tools for their own purposes.


Keywords


identification; tools; fisheries; experts; species.

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References


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