A Systematic Review: Evaluating Communication Skill of Nursing Students at Class or Practical Area

Regina Vidya Trias Novita


Background: Effective communication with health care providers has been found as relevant for nursing to delivery service excellent and the health care outcomes safety for the patient. However, the validity of the findings depends on the quality of the applied measures and strategies. This study aimed to provide an overview of strategies of nursing students-medical students-patient communication and to evaluate the effectiveness tools or methods that used and the final can improve the good communication skill.

Methods: A systematic review was performed to identify tools or strategies which measure nurses student communication. The search strategy included two databases (EBSco and Pro Quest) and reference. Studies that report the effectiveness tools or methods to evaluate the communication skill of the teacher-nursing students-medical students and patient. The extracted data with meta-analysis conduct Meta Cochrane Q and Meta RRs with three phases: First, Grouping, second, analytic method to detect true heterogeneity across 10 studies with Cochrane statistic test and third sensitivities analysis to evaluate robustness.

Results: Data of 15 studies during 2006-2015 years to evaluate the tools or methods of communication skill between nursing students and the other health care professional. The meta-analysis were performed by computing relative risk (RRs) 57.1% which means there are gaps and significant differences in the implementation of the tools or methods to locate the state (Non Asia and Asia) and RRs 150%, which means there are effectively of the implementation years to use tools or methods of the year below 2010 and upper 2010.

The Tools or methods having heterogeneity in each of those countries, the implementation of year is sig Meta-Cochranes Q= .027<0.05. The strongest of the tool or method is An Inter-professional Critical Incident Verbal Report (.0000) with Robustness in Ohio (2014). The limitations of this study are the studies published in other languages not included may have missed out recently published studies on this topic and limited number of studies especially in the nursing education context.

Conclusion: This systematic review identified a number of tools or strategies of nurses communication to improve communication in different countries. The culture may influence how the communication skills are. RRs value 150% indicates that there are effectively of the implementation years to use tools or methods below and upper 2010.


Communication skill; nursing students.

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