Potential of Land Readjustment Application for Urban Renewal in Kampung Braga of Bandung City

Ake Wihadanto, Baba Barus, Noer Azam Achsani, Deddy S. Bratakusumah

Abstract


The growth of large cities that tend to be less controlled, gave rise to issues that accompany high population growth and limited land available for settlements. The condition is marked by the growth of slum settlement areas such as Kampung Braga in the center of Bandung city. Land readjustment can be selected as one of the planned participatory intervention tools in transforming and managing a slum built-up area through urban renewal. This study aims to analyze and formulate the application of land readjustment on the transformation of Kampung Braga area. For this purpose, more specifically the research will cover 5 (five) stages: (1) analyzing the value of land based on the value of the street (street value); (2) formulating or arranging the redesign of re-block of the area; (3) analyzing land value increase; (4) preparing the balance of land use after re-plotting; And (5) determining the contribution of land. The results of this analysis are expected to be an offer of innovative solutions for the transformation of Kampung Braga slums to a residential area that is habitable. This research used primary and secondary data. Data were collected from January to October 2016. Primary data used included parcels, households and physical environments in the irregular housing section of Kampung Braga. The questionnaires survey was conducted on residents and owners of parcels to find out the characteristics of shelters and the characteristics of actual environmental infrastructure. This research has resulted in a formulation of land re-adjustment in kampung Braga.

The formulation, reflected in the design of re-plotting over irregular areas, yielded some positive changes. These changes indicate the improvement of Kampung Braga area quality, which can be seen the value of increasing the value of land in the area of the increase rate of the re-plotting reached 3.72. In addition, improvements were also reflected in the land use balance (after and before re-plotting), increasing the extent of the land of the street network and its supporting facilities and increasing the extent of land for public green open spaces. In addition, from the balance of land use after replotting the area was obtained for reserves that can be used as financing. These results indicate that land re-adjustment can be considered as one approach that can be applied in transforming kampung Braga into a better (livable).


Keywords


land readjustment; urban renewal; slums settlement; Kampung Braga.

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