The Influence of Exclusive Breastfeeding to the Manus Bone Maturity (Bone Age)

Adrianus Riyanto, Bachtiar Murtala, Muhammad Ilyas, Agussalim Bokhari, Rosdiana Natsir, Suci Pratiwi Rahardjo, Mirna Muis, Triono KSP, Burhanuddin Bahar, Veni Hadju

Abstract


Baby bone health would improve intelligence in thought and action. Children with hand and foot bones strong to be more active and agile, compared to children with weak bones. This study aimed to determine the effect of exclusive breastfeeding on bone manus density (atlas bone age), at the age of infants aged 1 month and 6 months. This study uses a "prospective cohort". A sample of 55 infants. Instrument data collecting baby left hand X-rays, using software measured the bone density of the baby. Data were analyzed by independent t test and paired t-test.

The results showed that the average exposure of bone partially breast-fed infants is higher than exclusive breastfeeding infants in the first month.

but in the sixth the average bone caught Exclusive breast-fed infants is higher than exclusive breastfeeding infant. This study concluded there was no effect of exclusive breastfeeding on bone density at the hands of infants aged 1 month, but exclusive breastfeeding effect on bone density at the hands of infants aged 6 months. It is recommended that young mothers of this nation to be aware and understand how and benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, so that is not affected by the promotion of infant formula. That health workers or health workers can set an example and give the correct explanation of the benefits of exclusive breastfeeding, so that the Ministry of Health program on the benefits of exclusive breastfeeding can walk and feel the benefits.


Keywords


Exclusive breastfeeding ; bone density.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kusumastuti, 2013. Tulang Sehat, Si Kecil Pun Sehat,

https://www.ibudanbalita.com/tumbuhkembang/momenwow/index.php/public/content/article/1004/15

Goulding A, Rockell JE, Black RE, Grant AM, Jones IE, Williams SM. 2004. Children who avoid drinking cow's milk are at increased risk for prepubertal bone fractures. J Am Diet Assoc. Feb;104(2):250-3

Riskesdas 2007. Laporan Riskesdas tahun 2007. Jakarta

Riskesdas 2010. Laporan Riskesdas tahun 2010. Jakarta

Gaskin, CM, Kahn SL, Bertozzi JC, Bunch PM, 2011.Skeletal Development of the hand and wrist, A Radiographic Atlas and Digital Bone Age Companion. Oxford University Press,

Arkadiusz G, Zhang A, Sayre J, Sylwia Postpiech-Kurkowska and H.K. 2007. Hung, Bone Age Assessment of Children using a Digital Hand Atlas, Coput Med Imaging graph,31(4-5); 322-331

Hegar B. 2010. Nilai menyusui. Dalam : Indonesia Menyusui. Jakarta : Badan Penerbit Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia (IDAI); hal:1-12.

Tridjaja B. Nanis M. 2010. Aspek Hormonal Air Susu Ibu Sumber : Buku Bedah ASI. Penerbit IDAI. Jakarta

Arisman, MB 2004, Gizi Dalam Daur Kehidupan, Penerbit Buku Kedokteran, Jakarta

Grber, U., Spitz, J., Reichrath, J., Kisters, K., & Holick, M. F. 2013. Vitamin D: Update 2013: From rickets prophylaxis to general preventive healthcare. Dermato-Endocrinology, 5(3), 331347. http://doi.org/10.4161/derm.26738

Andres, Aline et al. 2013. Body Fat and Bone Mineral Content of Infants Fed Breast Milk, Cow's Milk Formula, or Soy Formula during the First Year of Life .The Journal of Pediatrics , Volume 163 , Issue 1 , 49 - 54

Jones G, K. L. Hynes, T. Dwyer. 2013. The association between breastfeeding, maternal smoking in utero, and birth weight with bone mass and fractures in adolescents: a 16-year longitudinal study. Osteoporos Int. 2013 May; 24(5): 16051611.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).