Assessment of The Family Support on The Improvement of Health-Related Quality of Life for Alcoholics and Smokers in Type 2 DM Patients in Makassar Municipality

Sri Syatriani, Amiruddin Ridwan, Nurhaedar Djaffar, Ansariadi Ansariadi

Abstract


Positive dimensions of family functioning are an important aspect to boost adherence behaviors in diabetic patients in increasing their quality of life, especially for alcoholics and smokers with type 2 DM. Concerning to this issue, this study aims to assess family support on the improvement of health-related quality of life for smokers and alcoholics in type 2 DM patients at coastal areas in Makassar Municipality. The study used a cross-sectional study. Samples were alcoholics and smokers with type 2 DM who stay at coastal areas in Makassar Municipality. Samples were males and total samples were 366 respondents. Data were collected using questionnaires and interview with respondents using the WHO-QoL survey instrument and the questionnaires of smoking habits and habitual consumption of alcohol. Analysis of data used Yates correction and multivariate regression.

Stress status was assessed using the DASS (the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales). All data were processed using SPSS Version 21. Results of the study indicated that family support (p-value=0.009<?=0.05), smoking habits, habitual consumption of alcohol (p-value =0,000 < ?=0.05), and level of stress had significant correlation with health-related quality of life in type 2 DM patients. Conclusion of study is Positive family support showed significant impact on the improvement of health-related quality of life for smokers and alcoholics in type 2 DM patients at coastal communities in Makassar Municipality. It was concluded that family support improved health-related quality of life in type 2 DM patients classified as smokers and alcoholics.


Keywords


Family Support; Smoking Habits; Habitual Consumption of Alcohol; Level of Stress; Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) Type 2 DM Patients.

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References


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