Factors Associated with Prenatal Anemia in the Yilo Krobo Municipality of Ghana

Akosua Owusu-Sarpong, Chris Tetteh


Anemia in pregnancy is a common public health problem and associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity in pregnant women as well as perinatal mortality. It is crucial to identify risk factors of prenatal anemia so interventions can be designed to address them. The aim of this study is to determine factors associated with anemia in pregnancy in Yilo Krobo Municipality. An unmatched case-control study was conducted among 110 (55 cases and 55 controls) pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in health facilities in the Municipality from June to December 2012. Socio-demographic, antenatal, infective and dietary data of study participants were collected using structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using Epi Info 3.5.4. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were computed. Bivariate analysis shows a positive association between having prenatal anemia and having no formal education (OR-2.6, p-value 0.04), increased in birth spacing more than 5years (OR-3.06 p-value 0.029), herbal medicine intake (OR-4.0 p-value 0.008), parity of more than three children (OR-2.9, p-value 0.01) and owning insecticide treated nets (OR-0.359, p-value 0.023). Multivariate analysis shows significant association between herbal medicine intake (OR-3.14, p-value 0.031) and prenatal anemia. Prenatal anemia is therefore significantly associated with herbal medicine intake during pregnancy.


Africa; Anemia; Ghana; Prenatal; Risk factor; Yilo Krobo.

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