Linear Growth of Toddlers is Affected by Infant Linear Growth, Morbidity and Micronutrient Deficiency

Pusparini Pusparini, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Dodik Briawan, Fitrah Ernawati, Abas B Jahari

Abstract


The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of birth length on linear growth of 3-year-old toddlers. We used secondary data from a longitudinal study on nutritional status of pregnant women and their offspring in Bogor Regency. The variables used were hemoglobin, serum zinc and retinol, body height, height gained, and morbidity of toddlers. A multiple logistic regression was performed to analyze the effects. The results showed that linear growth failure at birth affected the further linear growth of toddlers. Furthermore, linear growth failure of toddlers was significantly affected by the growth failure at the first year of life, morbidity rate and micronutrient deficiencies with OR= 10.5, 3.0, and 2.5 respectively. This implies the need to prevent fetal linear growth failure by improving nutritional status of pregnant women and improving micronutrient status of children to prevent the high morbidity rate that may affect the linear growth of 3-year-old toddlers.

 


Keywords


birth length; linear growth; micronutrient deficiency; morbidity rate; toddlers.

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