Study of Hemoglobin and Ferritin Profile as Indicators in Children Hematology of 12-15 Years Provided Local Rice Fortification

Sultan Akbar Toruntju, Aminuddin Syam, Sukri Palutturi, Mansyur Arif, Veni Hadju, Abdul Razak Thaha

Abstract


Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) reported that in 2007 the prevalence of anemia was 12.8%, of which 70.1% was Iron Deficiency Anemia, increased to 21.7% in 20013. The purpose of this study was to describe the profile of hemoglobin and ferritin as an indicator of hematology at students aged 12-15 years who consume rice fortification. This study design was Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) double-blind, on children students, conducted from May 2015 through March 2016.

The total sample consisted of 64 students: 32 cases and 32 controls aged 12-15 years, both samples and controls were anemic. Samples were given intervention by consuming rice fortification for 6 months, rice fortified with 6 micronutrients (Fe, Zn, vitamin B1, vitamin B3, folic acid and vitamin B12. The intervention was done by providing 200 grams of rice in the morning and evening for 6 months. Blood sampling was performed to monitor the levels of hemoglobin (Hb), Ferritin for 3 times that at this stage of the baseline, midline and endline. Descriptive analysis was conducted to asses determinant levels of hemoglobin and ferritin levels of the age. The result shows thatBaseline phase: The intervention group gained an average of 11.80 g Hb/dL, ferritin 38.50 ug/L and the control group Hb 11.90 g/dL, ferritin 38.60 ug/L. Midline stage: The intervention group gained an average of 11.78 cases Hb g /dL, ferritin 78.28 ug/L, whereas the control Hb 12.08 g/dL, ferritin 54.56 ug/L.Endline stage: The intervention group gained an average of 12.21 g Hb/dL, ferritin 28.56 ug/L and the control group Hb of 12.6 g/dL, ferritin 39.37 ug/L.There is an increase in average levels of hemoglobin from baseline to the intervention group midline to the endline, particularly in the age group of 12-12 years and 14-14 years 11 months. There is an increase in the average levels of ferritin from baseline to the intervention group but decreased in the midline endline.


Keywords


Rice fortification; micronutrients; Hemoglobin and Ferriti.

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