Role of Community Participation in Sustainability of Government Funded Food Security Projects, Case Study of Njaa Marufuku Kenya Msambweni Sub County

Okinyi Caroline Auma, Mary Mulonzi

Abstract


The  three objectives were, to establish how community involvement in decision making affect  sustainability of Government funded food security project ,to investigate  the influence of community resource mobilisation  on sustainability  Government funded food security project  and to determine how stakeholder  analysis affects sustainability of Government funded food security project.The study involved desk research on the food security projects implemented by the  Ministry of Agriculture from 2005 to 2012 ,  the  literature  review of the NMK project , the related  policies  and the NMK  group   project documents  in order to obtain secondary data. The sample was drawn from  NMK  15  groups  with at membership  of  20 hence total  population of 300 members .By applying the rule of thumb  60 members were  interviewed  through guided questionnaire. Purposive sampling method was used to select 13 key informants i.e. stakeholders ( DCU and CGFs) administered with self questionnaire . Data were processed and analyzed through Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 and presented in frequency counts, percentages ,correlation, ANOVA  and multiple regression. Validity of the instruments was done through experts in research and piloting. The results of pilot study was analysed using Cronbach alpha with a lower set of acceptability of 0.7 Multiple regression analysis was conducted  to determine the role of community participation in sustainability of government funded food security projects and the three variables (Stakeholder analysis, Resource mobilization, Decision making)., the equation (Y = β0 + β1X1 + β2X2 + β3X3 + ε) became Y= 1.286+ 0.388X1+ 0.136X2+ 0.135X3. The findings shows that taking all other independent variables at zero, a unit increase in Decision making will lead to a 0.388 increase in sustainability of government funded food security projects; a unit increase in Resource mobilization will lead to a 0.136 increase in sustainability of government funded food security projects and a unit increase in Stakeholder analysis will lead to a 0.135 increase in sustainability of government funded food security projects. The study recommends that  community   involvement in decision making should be upheld to ensure  ownership and accountability , resource  anlysis   should be done to  identify  the resource  gaps to be filled  to ensure  project delivery  and  stakeholder analysis should be  also   conducted at project initiation to get  right stakeholders  while on sustainability  the project objective and group mission  should be well understood and internalised by the members to ensure project ownership.

More than one billion people nearly one-sixth of the world’s population suffer from chronic hunger. The Millennium Development Goals(MDGs) were established in 2005 in order to address the world governments to improve the human condition by 2015, however, this has reduced the poverty and food security conditions to  a just a minimum level! Kenya is one of the countries in sub-Saharan Africa that is not able to feed its population sufficiently .Many food security projects have been funded by both the Kenyan Government and other development partners such as FAO, IFAD, JICA , SIDA etc. in an effort to reduce hunger and poverty however such projects have left very little impact.Community participation has been highly emphasized in the Chapter 6 of the Kenya’s new constitution   as means to ensure that the development projects carried out by the county governments are demanded by the people. However community   should understand this role,  be capacity built in this area and be actively involved to make participation be active and not passive. The study focused on the role   of the community participation on sustainability of the food security projects, a case study of NJaa Marufuku Kenya, component 1 in the Sub County of Msambweni, Kwale County.

 


Keywords


Community involvement; community resource mobilization; Stakeholder; Marufuku.

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