Role of Community Participation in Sustainability of Government Funded Food Security Projects, Case Study of Njaa Marufuku Kenya Msambweni Sub County

Okinyi Caroline Auma, Mary Mulonzi

Abstract


The three objectives were, to establish how community involvement in decision making affect sustainability of Government funded food security project ,to investigate the influence of community resource mobilisation on sustainability Government funded food security project and to determine how stakeholder analysis affects sustainability of Government funded food security project.The study involved desk research on the food security projects implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture from 2005 to 2012 , the literature review of the NMK project , the related policies and the NMK group project documents in order to obtain secondary data. The sample was drawn from NMK 15 groups with at membership of 20 hence total population of 300 members .By applying the rule of thumb 60 members were interviewed through guided questionnaire. Purposive sampling method was used to select 13 key informants i.e. stakeholders ( DCU and CGFs) administered with self questionnaire . Data were processed and analyzed through Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 and presented in frequency counts, percentages ,correlation, ANOVA and multiple regression. Validity of the instruments was done through experts in research and piloting. The results of pilot study was analysed using Cronbach alpha with a lower set of acceptability of 0.7 Multiple regression analysis was conducted to determine the role of community participation in sustainability of government funded food security projects and the three variables (Stakeholder analysis, Resource mobilization, Decision making)., the equation (Y = ?0 + ?1X1 + ?2X2 + ?3X3 + ?) became Y= 1.286+ 0.388X1+ 0.136X2+ 0.135X3. The findings shows that taking all other independent variables at zero, a unit increase in Decision making will lead to a 0.388 increase in sustainability of government funded food security projects; a unit increase in Resource mobilization will lead to a 0.136 increase in sustainability of government funded food security projects and a unit increase in Stakeholder analysis will lead to a 0.135 increase in sustainability of government funded food security projects. The study recommends that community involvement in decision making should be upheld to ensure ownership and accountability , resource anlysis should be done to identify the resource gaps to be filled to ensure project delivery and stakeholder analysis should be also conducted at project initiation to get right stakeholders while on sustainability the project objective and group mission should be well understood and internalised by the members to ensure project ownership.

More than one billion people nearly one-sixth of the worlds population suffer from chronic hunger. The Millennium Development Goals(MDGs) were established in 2005 in order to address the world governments to improve the human condition by 2015, however, this has reduced the poverty and food security conditions to a just a minimum level! Kenya is one of the countries in sub-Saharan Africa that is not able to feed its population sufficiently .Many food security projects have been funded by both the Kenyan Government and other development partners such as FAO, IFAD, JICA , SIDA etc. in an effort to reduce hunger and poverty however such projects have left very little impact.Community participation has been highly emphasized in the Chapter 6 of the Kenyas new constitution as means to ensure that the development projects carried out by the county governments are demanded by the people. However community should understand this role, be capacity built in this area and be actively involved to make participation be active and not passive. The study focused on the role of the community participation on sustainability of the food security projects, a case study of NJaa Marufuku Kenya, component 1 in the Sub County of Msambweni, Kwale County.


Keywords


Community involvement; community resource mobilization; Stakeholder; Marufuku.

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