Antimicrobial Activity of Ficus bengalensis and Ficus elastica Fruit Latex Against Selected Bacteria and Fungi

Zeena G. Faisal

Abstract


The present study investigates the use of agar well diffusion method and the inhibitory effect of Ficus bengalensis and Ficus elastica fruit latex on two gram-positive bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes ), nine gram-negative bacteria( E.coli from UTI patient, E.coli from stool patient, E.coli PBR322, E.coli (ampicilline and tetracycline resistance), Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Proteus mirabilis , Klebsilla pneumonia , Salmonella spp. and Seratia spp. ) and five Candida species(Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Candida cruzii, Candida kefyr and Candida sojae). The results showed that latex of Ficus bengalensis and Ficus elastica fruits have significant inhibitory effect against bacterial and fungal species used in the study. Different inhibitory effects can be observed that Ficus bengalensis latex showed more inhibitory effect than Ficus elastic. Candida species are more susceptible to fig latex than bacterial pathogens, whereas gram negative bacteria are less susceptible as compared with gram positive bacteria. In conclusion, present study showed that fig fruit latex have antimicrobial activity against various pathogenic bacteria and fungi.


Keywords


Ficus bengalensis; Ficus elastic; Fruit Latex; Antimicrobial Activity.

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References


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