The Effect of a Different form of Corn Cob Based Complete Feed On the Consumption, Characteristics, and Ruminal Fermentation on Ruminants

Ahmad Yahya, Syamsuddin Hasan, Asmuddin Natsir, Budiman Nuhung

Abstract


Livestock productivity is influenced by environmental factors, which could reach 70%, and genetic factors are only 30%. Of the environmental factors, aspects of the feed had the most impact, which is about 60%. The main feed of ruminants is greenery, however, its availability is very limited, especially in the dry season, thus, conducted the provision of fodder by optimizing the utilization of agricultural / crops waste into a complete forage. One of the crops waste that has significant potential is corn cobs, which is wasted and accumulate and eventually decomposed when it mixed together with other garbage. This waste contains a lot of cellulose and hemicellulose, and can be used as an energy source feed for ruminants.

This study aims to determine the effect of the form of a corn cob based complete forage with another form of forage, on consumption, characteristic, Rumen Fermentation for local goats. The study was compiled using the completely randomized design with unidirectional pattern (Completely Randomized Design / CRD) 3 x 3 with handling: R1 is flour / mesh form complete forage, R2 is Pellets form complete forage and R3 is Wafer form complete forage. This handling does not affect significantly (P> 0.05) on dry matter intake, organic matter, crude fiber and crude protein. Similarly on Ammonia ruminal fluid and ruminal pH also not significant react(P> 0.05). The results showed that feeding the TMR complete forage in different forms, give no significant effect (P> 0.05), or it can be concluded that, there is no negative effect on the performance of local goats.

 


Keywords


corn cobs; complete forage in the form of Flour / mesh (TMR); pellets and Wafer; local goats.

References


Guntoro, S. 2009. Mengolah tongkol jagung. http://www.bisnisbali.com2009/06/05/newsopini/g.htm. Diakses pada tanggal 27 Februari 2013 Makassar.

Yulistiani, Dwi., W Puastuti, E. Wina Dan Supriati. 2011. Pengaruh Berbagai Pengolahan terhadap Nilai Nutrisi Tongkol Jagung: Komposisi Kimia dan Kecernaan In Vitro. JITV Vol. 17 No 1 : 60 – 64.

Tampoebolon, M.P., 1996. Protozoologi. Pusat Antar Universitas Ilmu Hayat Institut Pertanian Bogor. hlm 116 – 118.

Preston, T.R. 1986 . Better utilization of crop residues and by- products in animal feeding research guidelines.FAO, Romes.

Conway, E. J. 1962. Microdiffusion Analysis and Volumentric Error. 5Th Edition. Crosby Lookwood and Son, London.

Association of Official Analytical Chemist (AOAC).(2000).Official Method 960.38 Benzoic Acid in Nonsolid Food and Beverages SpectrophotometricMethod.USA: AOAC International

Steel, R.G.D., and J.H. Torrie. 1981. Principles and procedures of statistics. A biometrical approach. 2nd Ed. McGraw-Hill International Book Company.

Kusumaningrum, D. A. 2009. Pengaruh Tipe Karbohidrat dan Aras Undegraded Protein terhadap Konsumsi, Kecernaan Nutrien dan Parameter Fermentasi Rumen Pada Sapi Peranakan Friesian Holstein. Tesis. Program Pasca sarjana Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.

Ali, U. 2008. Pengaruh Penggunaan Onggok dan Isi Rumen Sapi dalam Pakan Komplit Terhadap Penampilan Kambing Peranakan Etawah.Jurusan Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak Fakultas PeternakanUniversitas Islam,Malang.

Sutardi, T. 1980. Peningkatan Mutu Hasil Limbah Lignoselulosa sebagai Makanan Ternak.Fakultas Peternakan IPB. Bogor

Perry, T. W., A. E. Cullison and R. S. Lowrey. 2003. Feed & Feeding. 6th Ed. Pearson Education, Inc. Upper SaddleRiver. New Jersey.

Martini dan Sitompul, Saulina. 2005. Penetapan serat kasar dalam pakan ternak Tanpa ekstraksi lemak. Prosiding temu teknisi nasional tenaga Fungsional pertanian. Hal. 96.

Putra, S. dan A. W. Puger.1995. Manipulasi Mikroba dalam Fermentasi Rumen SalahSatu Alternatif untuk Meningkatkan Efisiensi Penggunaan Zat-zat Makanan.Fapet, Unud, Denpasar

Cakra,I.G.L.,Siti,N.W. 2008. Koefisien Cerna Bahan Kering dan Nutrien Ransum Kambing Peranakan Etawah yang Diberikan Hijauan dengan Suplementasi Konsentrat Molamik. Universitas Udayana, Bali.

Parakkasi, A. 1999. Ilmu Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak Ruminansia. Penerbit Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta.

Biyatmoko, D. 2014. Profil acid detergen fiber (adf) dan neutral detergen fiber (ndf) produk fermentasi jerami padi menggunakan mikrobia cairan rumen. Media sains. 7 (1) : 7-11. ISN 2085-3548.

Fredriksz, S., M. Soejono, S. P. S. Budhi. 2001. Pengaruh ukuran partikel dan pencucian terhadap degradasi in sacco beberapa bahan pakan pada sapi peranakan friesian holstein. Program Studi Ilmu Perernakan Pascasarjana. Jurnal Sains & Teknologi. 11 : 163-169

Van Soest, P.J. 1982.NutritionalEcologyof theRuminant.Oregon.United StratersofAmerica.

McDonald, P., R. Edwards, J. Greenhalgh, and C. Morgan. 2002. Animal Nutrition. 6th Edition.Longman Scientific & Technical, New York.

Murni, R., Akmal, dan Y. Okrisandi. 2012. Pemanfaatan Kulit Buah Kakao yang Difermentasi dengan Kapang Phanerochaete Chrysosporium sebagai Pengganti Hijauan dalam ransum Ternak Kambing.Agrinak. Vol. 02 No. 1 Maret 2012:6-10

Paramitha P, Maya Shovitri dan N D Kuswytasari. 2012. Biodegradasi Limbah Organik Pasar dengan Menggunakan Mikroorganisme Alami Tangki Septi Tank. Jurnal Sains Dan Seni ITS. Vol. 1. September. ISSN: 2301-928X

Tillman, A. D., H. Hartadi, S. Reksohadiprodjo, S. Prawirokusumo dan S. Lebdosoekojo. 2005. Ilmu Makanan Ternak Dasar. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta

Maynard, L.A., J. K Loosil, H. F. Hintz and Warner, R.G. , 2005. Animal Nutrition. (7th Edition) McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York, USA

Bondi, A.A. and Drori, D., 1987, Animal Nutrition, Wiley-Interscience Publication, London

Arora, S.P. 1995. Pencernaan Mikroba pada Ruminansia. Penerjemah: R. Murwani dan B. Srigandono. Cetakan kedua. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta

Oskov, E.R., Mcdonald, I., Grubb, D.A and Pennie, K. 1976. The nutrition of the early weaned lamb. IV. The effect on growth rate, food utilization and body composition of changing from alow to a high protein diet. J. Agric. Sci. 86 : 411 -423.

Dehority & Tirabasso. 2001. Effect of feeding frequency on bacterial and fungalconcentrations, pH, and other parameters in the rumendalam Syahrir S,Wiryawan. K.G, Parakkasi A. Winugroho M. Dan Sari O. N. P 2009.Efektivitas Daun Murbei Sebagai Pengganti Konsentrat dalam Sistem Rumen in Vitro.Media Peternakan. 32:2. 112-119.

Hungate,R.E.1966.Introduction:TheRuminantandTheRumen.Elseveier Applied Science.London.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.



 

 



About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & ConditionsContact UsDisclaimerFAQs

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).

 Plagiarism Policy