Comparative Study of Maternal Behaviour in Exclusive Breastfeeding in Two Work Area Health Centres of Jeneponto District, Indonesia

Fairus Prihatin Idris, Veni Hadju, Ridwan Thaha, Nurhaedar Djafar, Sukri Palutturi

Abstract


Babies who gain exclusive breastfeeding are less likely to suffer gastrointestinal, reducing the risk of infectious disease, protecting from exposure to infectious pathogens, strengthening the ability of the intestine and the immune system, preventing hypothermia, and lowering the risk of diarrhea, pneumonia and respiratory infection. 1 million of the 6.9 million children under five were reported killed globally could be saved by exclusive breastfeeding. The regulations have been established by the government to improve exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia with national standard of 80%. In 2013, the scope of exclusive breastfeeding is 54.3%. In 2012, Jeneponto district had the lowest coverage of exlusive breastfeeding in South Sulawesi (20.57 %) and in 2013 it increased to 67.66%. The objective of this research was to determine the differences of maternal behavior on exclusive breastfeeding in the working area of PKM Arungkeke and Binamu Kota at Jeneponto District. This research used a quantitative with comparative study approach. 104 mothers in Arungkeke and 106 in Binamu Kota were selected as sampling using simple random sampling. Data were analyzed by mc. Mann Whitney. More mothers did not give exclusive breastfeeding in Arungkeke (58.7%) than Binamu Kota (49.1%). This study found no differences of mothers attitudes with p value 0,132. Nevertheless there were differences in mothers knowledge, beliefs, family influence, and community participation between Arungkeke and Binamu Kota, where the prevalence was higher in the Binamu Kota than Arungkeke. The provision of in-depth informations and cultural understanding to mothers and families about exclusive breastfeeding, especially in coastal areas is required.

Keywords


Exclusive breastfeeding; knowledge; attitudes; beliefs; family; community participation.

Full Text:

PDF

References


. Kramer, M.S., et al., Breastfeeding and Infant Growth: Biology or Bias? pediatrics, 2002. 110.

. Iddrisu, S., Exclusive Breastfeeding and family Influences in Rural Ghana: A Qualitative Study, in Health and Society. 2013, Malmo University: Malmo.

. Alive and Thrive, Impact of early initiation of exclusivebreastfeeding on newborn deaths. Insight, 2010(1).

. Solomon, Socio-cultural factorsinfluencing infantfeeding practicies ofmothers attendingwelfare clinic in CapeCoast. French embassy . Small Grants Programme in theHumanities and Social Sciences, 2010.

. Nurmiati and Besral, Durasi Pemberian ASI Terhadap Ketahanan Hidup Bayi di Indonesia. MAKARA, KESEHATAN, 2008. 12: p. 47-52.

. Minarto, Rencana Aksi Pembinaan Gizi Masyarakat(RAPGM) Tahun 2010 -2014. 2011.

. Infodatin, Situasi dan Analisis ASI Ekslusif. Pusat data dan Informasi Kementrian Kesehatan RI, 2013.

. Smith, P.H., et al., Early breastfeeding experiences of adolescent mothers: a qualitative prospective study. International breastfeeding journal, 2012. 7:13.

. Al-Sahab, B., et al., Prevalence and predictors of 6-month exclusivebreastfeeding among Canadian women:a national survey. BMC Pediatrics, 2010. 10:20.

. Dozier, A.M., A. Nelson, and E. Brownell, TheRelationship between Life Stress andBreastfeedingOutcomesamong Low-IncomeMothers. Hindawi Publishing CorporationAdvances in PreventiveMedicine, 2012. 2012: p. 10.

. Henry, et al., Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing BreastfeedingPractices among Low-Income Women in Fortaleza-Cear-Brazil: a Leiningers Sunrise Model Perspective. Enfermeria Global, 2010. 19.

. Fikawati, S. and A. Syafiq, Kajian Implementasi dan Kebijakan Air Susu Ibu Ekslusif dan Inisisasi Menyusu Dini di Indonesia. MAKARA, KESEHATAN, 2009. 14: p. 17-24.

. WHO. Exclusive Breastfeeding. 2015 14 January 2015 09:01 CET; e-Library of Evidence for Nutrition Actions (eLENA):[Available from: http://www.who.int/elena/titles/exclusive_breastfeeding/en/.

. Depkes, Paket Modul Kegiatan Inisisasi Menyusu Dini (IMD) dan ASI Ekslusif 6 Bulan. Panduan Kegiatan Belajr Bersama Masyarakat. 2008, Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

. Kemenkes RI, Pemberian Air Susu Ibu ( Asi ) Secara Eksklusif pada Bayi di Indonesia, in Nomor 450/MENKES/SK/IV/2004, Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Editor. 2004.

. Adam, Y., T. Abdullah, and F. Naiem, Determinan Pemberian Asi Ekslusif Di Wilayah PuskesmasTelaga Biru Dan Puskesmas MongolatoKabupaten Gorontalo Provinsi GorontaloTahun 2012, in Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2012, Universitas Hasanuddin: Makassar.

. Notoatmodjo, S., Ilmu Perilaku Kesehatan. 2010, Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.

. Roesli, U., Mengenal ASI Ekslusif. 2005, Jakarta: Trubus Agriwidya.

. Asfaw, M.M., M.D. Argaw, and Z.K. Kefene, Factors associated with exclusivebreastfeeding practices in Debre BerhanDistrict, Central Ethiopia: a cross sectionalcommunity based study. International breastfeeding journal, 2015. 10:23.

. Mbada, C.E., et al., Knowledge, attitude and techniques ofbreastfeeding among Nigerian mothers from asemi-urban community. BMC Research Notes, 2013. 6:552.

. Pratiwi, A.W., Hubungan Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Perilaku IbuTentang Asi Eksklusif Terhadap TumbuhKembang Anak Usia 6 24 Bulan Di KabupatenMerauke, In Program Studi Ilmu KeperawatanFakultas Kedokteran Dan Ilmu Kesehatan. 2014, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta.

. Wenas, W., et al., Hubungan Antara Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Ibu Menyusui DenganPemberian Air Susu Ibu Eksklusif, in Bidang Minat Gizi, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2011, Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado: Manado.

. Yulianah, N., B. Bahar, and A. Salam, Hubungan Antara Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Kepercayaan IbuDengan Pemberian Asi Eksklusif Di Wilayah KerjaPuskesmas Bonto Cani Kabupaten Bone Tahun 2013, in Program Studi Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2013, Universitas Hasanuddin: Makassar.

. Rachmaniah, N., Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu tentang ASIdengan Tindakan ASI Eksklusif, in Fakultas Kedokteran. 2014, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta: Surakarta.

. Azwar, Sikap Manusia Teori dan Pengukurannya. 1997, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

. Erika C. Odom, R.L., Kelley S. Scanlon, Cria G. Perrine, Laurence Grummer-Strawn, Association of Family and Health Care Provider Opinion onInfant Feeding with Mothers Breastfeeding Decision. J. Acad Nutr Diet, 2014. 114(8).

. Odom, E.C., et al., Association of Family and Health Care Provider Opinion onInfant Feeding with Mothers Breastfeeding Decision. J. Acad Nutr Diet, 2014. 114(8).

. Raeisi, K., et al., The Effects of Trained Fathers' Participation in Constant Breastfeeding in Vali-E-Asr Hospital. Acta Medica Iranica, 2014. 52(9): p. 694.

. Geneva, W., Indicators for assessing breast feeding practices. WHO Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Document WHO/CDD/SER, 1991. 91: p. 14.

. WHO, Community-Based Strategies for Breastfeeding Promotion and Support in Developing Countries. 2003.

. Aprilia Theresia, K.S.A., Prima G.P. Nugraha, Totok Mardikanto, Pembangunan Berbasis Masyarakat, Acuan bagi Praktisi, Akademisi dan Pemerhati Pengebangan Masyarakat. 1 ed. 2014, Bandung: Alfabeta.

. Haniarti, Pengaruh Edukasi Terhadap Perubahan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Inisiasi Menyusui Dini dan Manajemen Laktasi Pada Ibu Hamil di Kota Parepare, in Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2012, Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar: Tesis Tidak Diterbitkan.

. Gerd Almquist-Tangen, U.S., Anders Holmn, Bernt Alm, Josefine Roswall, Stefan Bergman and Jovanna Dahlgren, Influence of neighbourhood purchasing power onbreastfeeding at four months of age: a Swedishpopulation-based cohort study. BMC Public Health, 2013. 13:1077.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).