A Review of Congenital Anomalies Presenting at Arthur Davison Childrens Hospital

Isaac Kunda, Seter Siziya, Victor Mwanakasale

Abstract


Disruption of early stages of human development usually happens during the period of organogenesis, which refers to the period between 4th and 8th week of gestation period. This often leads to developmental anomalies (congenital anomalies), which contribute to mortality and morbidity especially in infants. The aim of this study is to describe the amount (frequency) and pattern of distribution of congenital anomalies presenting at Arthur Davison Childrens Hospital. A descriptive retrospective study of 161 cases of congenital anomalies that presented at Arthur Davison childrens Hospital was carried out. The data was collected from the hospitals records, and covered the period from January 2015 to December 2015. Congenital anomalies of the central nervous system had the highest occurence with 65 (40.4%) cases; urogenital system showed 39 (24.2%) cases; musculoskeletal system had 37 (22.9%) cases; gastrointestinal system 13 (8.1%) cases; cardiovascular system showed 2 (1.2%) cases, whereas 5 (3.1%) cases were for multiple anomalies. A significant association between congenital anomalies of the urogenital system and gender was observed (P <0.001). The recorded cases at Arthur Davison Hospital showed various cases of congenital anomalies involving different organ systems. It is therefore, important that careful intrauterine detection and examination of newborns be carried out in order to detect, and possibly correct early cases of congenital anomalies. Antenatal visits still remain an integral part of policies aimed at curbing and reducing the occurrence of congenital anomalies.


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