Integrated Vulnerability Assessment: A Decision Tool for Water Scarcity in Small Islands

F.X. Hermawan Kusumartono, Asep Sapei, Arya Hadi Dharmawan, Zuzy Anna

Abstract


Water scarcity especially in the small islands in Indonesia had caused troubles for society in maintaining their water needs. There are a lot of instruments developed to measure community vulnerability index, however the majority are partially designed so that they do not reflect the overall condition. Therefore, this research will formulate a vulnerability index of water fulfillment in small islands using a comprehensive method so that the result can be used as a reference in policy making. This research applied a deductive-positivist approach of the quantitative method. It started of with the dimensions of vulnerability, that are: exposure, adaptive capacity, and sensitivity, which then operationalized into indicator/parameter of indexes to measure a vulnerable condition. The result shows that this vulnerability index can be utilized as a basis for policy decision making by considering the attributes that had been proved sustainable. Other than that, to reduce vulnerability in small islands, there is a need for a policy that considers community capacity and their adaptive patterns that could improve their social and economic capital.


Keywords


vulnerability index; small islands; fresh water; adaptation; social capital; sustainability.

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