A Framework for Screening of Variables of Ecological Sensitivity Index (ESI) of Mangrove Ecosystems to Oil Spills

Muarif Muarif, Ario Damar, Sigid Hariyadi, Dewayani Sutrisno, Mennofatria Boer

Abstract


Mangrove is a coastal ecosystem that is vulnerable when it is exposed to oil spills. Cleaning up oil spills in mangrove ecosystems is very difficult and highly costly. Ecological sensitivity index (ESI) of mangrove ecosystem is an alternative tool to control oil spill by protecting highly sensitive areas from oil spill. One of the problems found in the development of ecological sensitivity index (ESI) of mangrove ecosystem is large numbers of variables of ecological sensitivity. Screening methods of variables can reduce the numbers of variables and result in the key variables of ecological sensitivity index (ESI) of mangrove ecosystems to oil spill.

The variables screening includes four steps (selecting variables, screening variables, clustering variables, and reducing variables), and six methods to analyze variables (literature study, expert survey, correlation analysis, variable grouping, PCA, and BEST analysis).


Keywords


screening of variables; ecological sensitivity index (ESI); mangrove ecosystems; oil spill.

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References


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