Examining Gun Control Policy of United States: A Policy Critique

Murat Ozkan

Abstract


Policies to reduce gun related violence has been one of the focuses of US governments while combatting crime. Although the link between gun ownership and involvement with violent crimes has been problematic due to the nature of crimes committed by guns and individuals who used guns to defend themselves from criminals, the tendency in the US public is to own guns, but in the meantime to control the ownership with an effective background checking system. The debate on the gun control issue is centered on the gun manufacturing market which has a giant pie in the economy, public awareness due to the mass violent acts in the public places, the US culture of owing guns for pleasure and hunting, and finally the assassinations of public leaders and politicians. The recent mass shootings like San Bernardino and Oregon in the US brought public attention to this issue again. As a result, Obama Administration felt compelled to take serious legal and law enforcement actions against gun violence. The proposed action required a series of legal regulations that needed the approval of Congress, and federal money to update the technical systems to control gun ownership.


Keywords


Gun control; gun policy; mass shootings.

Full Text:

PDF

References


J. B. Jacobs, Can gun control work?: Oxford University Press New York, 2002.

W. Krouse, "Gun Control," Congressional Research Service, 2002.

G. C. McLemore, An analysis of the arguments on gun control: University of Pitsburg, 1985.

Gunlawnews. (2006). Available: http://www.gunlawnews.org/

F. E. Zimring, American youth violence: Oxford University Press on Demand, 1998.

D. W. Webster, J. S. Vernick, J. Ludwig, and K. J. Lester, "Flawed gun policy research could endanger public safety," American Journal of Public Health, vol. 87, pp. 918-921, 1997.

D. L. Weimer and A. R. Vining, "Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practice," 2005.

R. C. Zakocs and J. A. L. Earp, "Explaining variation in gun control policy advocacy tactics among local organizations," Health education & behavior, vol. 30, pp. 360-374, 2003.

J. Casteen, "Ditching the rubric on gun control," Virginia Quarterly Review, vol. 80, pp. 210-221, 2004.

G. Kleck and M. Gertz, "Armed resistance to crime: the prevalence and nature of self-defense with a gun," J. Crim. L. & Criminology, vol. 86, p. 150, 1995.

R. A. Roth, "Counting guns: What social science historians know and could learn about gun ownership, gun culture, and gun violence in the United States," Social Science History, vol. 26, pp. 699-708, 2002.

A. R. Mawson, P. M. Lapsley, A. M. Hoffman, and J. C. Guignard, "Preventing lethal violence in schools: The case for entry-based weapons screening," Journal of health politics, policy and law, vol. 27, pp. 243-260, 2002.

F. E. Zimring, "Firearms, violence, and the potential impact of firearms control," The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, vol. 32, pp. 34-37, 2004.

R. E. Redding and S. M. Shalf, "The legal context of school violence: The effectiveness of federal, state, and local law enforcement efforts to reduce gun violence in schools," Redding, Richard E., and Shalf, Sarah M.(2001)" The Legal Context of School Violence: The Effectiveness of Federal, State, and Local Law Enforcement Efforts to Reduce Gun Violence in Schools," Law & Policy, vol. 23, pp. 297-343, 2001.

J. S. Vernick, S. P. Teret, K. A. Howard, M. D. Teret, and G. J. Wintemute, "Public opinion polling on gun policy," Health Affairs, vol. 12, pp. 198-208, 1993.

J. L. True and G. H. Utter, "Saying yes,no, and load me up to guns in America," The American Review of Public Administration, vol. 32, pp. 216-241, 2002.

C. E. Schumer, "Commentary: Toward a rational gun policy," 1995.

OJJDP. (1996). Reducing Youth Gun Violence. Available: www.ojjdp.ncjrs.org/

D. Gergen, "Protecting kids from guns," US News & World Report, vol. 124, p. 68, 1998.

S. P. Teret, S. DeFrancesco, S. W. Hargerten, and R. K.D., "Making Guns Safer," Science and Technology, pp. 37-40, 1998.

L. R. Taylor, "Getting smarter: Making guns safer for law enforcement and consumers," National Institute of Justice Journal Dated, pp. 16-19, 2001.

WhiteHouse, "Remarks by the President on Common-Sense Gun Safety Reform," ed: The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, 2016.

Federal Register : Rules and Regulations, Vol. 81, No. Pp.382-396 (Wednesday, January 6, 2016).

New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/01/16/us/obama-gun-control-proposal.html?_r=0, 2013.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).