Gender Analysis of Culture Fish Enterprises in Epe Local Area of Lagos State, Nigeria

Afodu osagie john, Makinde Yetunde Olawunmi, Bello Ayodeji Taofeek, Ndubuisi-ogbonna Lois Chidima, Akinboye Olufunso Emmanuel

Abstract


Understanding the role that gender plays in fish culture enterprises is critical for designing agricultural policies to increase productivity and enhance economic growth and to reduce poverty. The research investigated gender analysis of culture fish enterprises in Epe Local Area of Lagos State, Nigeria. This was achieved through random selection of 149 respondents. The method of analysis used was descriptive analysis to determine the socio economic characteristics of the fish farmers; production function was applied to examine technical efficiency. The results showed that 54.4% were male and 45.6% were female. Majority of the respondents (67.9% male and 55.9% female) were married and (32.1% male and 44.1% female) were in the single category. It also revealed that 23.5% male and 17.6% female went through tertiary education. 43.2% male and 36.8% had about above 6 years experiences in the business, 43.2% male and 42.6% female started their business with their own personal savings and 66.7% male and 70.6% female farmers purchased their land.

The maximum likelihood estimation of the stochastic production frontier shows that the mean technical efficiency is 0.75 for both male and female farmers. The results also reveal that coefficients of pond size and labour are positive and significant for male farmers, while for the female counterpart years of farming experience, pond size and labour are positive and significant. It was recommended that young people should be encouraged to practice fish farming, and also involve in carrying research on fish farming as this may help in solving the problem of food security and food sufficiency.


Keywords


Gender; Culture fishing; Technical Efficiency; Socio-economic Stochastic frontier.

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