Physiological Status of Four Breed Cattles on Some Different Altitudes in Lampung Province

Nandari Dyah Suretno, Bagus Purwanto, Rudy Priyanto, Iman Supriyatna


Fulfilling the needs of today's society meat comes from local cattle (Bali and PO cattle) plus import cattle and beef. Among the import cattle are Limousin and Simental cattle which are from temperate climates. Based on these conditions, the purpose of this study was to determine the physiological response on import cattle and local cattle during rainy and dry season at various altitudes in Lampung province. The material used were adult cattle: 99 Bali cattles, 155 PO cattles, 66 Limousin cattles and 39 Simental cattles. Collected data were simultaneous weather conditions with the measurement of physiological responses. Data were analyzed using a completely randomized design. The results showed, based on their physiological responses, Bali cattle is the best local cattle and for import cattle with good adaptability is Limousin cattle. Overall the best physiological response in minimizing the environmental effects are Limousin cattle.


altitude; beef cattle; physiological responses ;season.

Full Text:



Badan Pusat Statistik. Pendataan Sapi Potong, Sapi Perah dan Kerbau 2011 (PSPK 2011) Provinsi Lampung. Jakarta : BPS dan Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. 2011.

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Lampung. Lampung Dalam Angka 2014, Lampung infigures. Bandar Lampung : BPS dan Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan DaerahProvinsi Lampung. 2014.

T.L. Mader, M.S. Davis, T. Brown-Brandl. Enviromental factors influencing heat stress in feedlot cattle. Journal of Animal Science. Vol 84. pp 712-719. 2006.

Handoko. Klimatologi Dasar, Landasan Pemahaman Fisika Atmosfer dan Unsur-Unsur Iklim. Bogor : Bogor Agriculture University Pr, 1995.

M. Kurihara and S. Shioya. Dairy Cattle Management in Hot Environment. http//[ Juny27,2003].

N.T.M. Yeates. The coat and heat retention in cattle: Studies in the tropical maritime climate of Fiji. Journal of Agriculture Science. Vol 88. pp 223-226. 1977.

H.V. Saiya. Aklimatisasi Sapi PO dan Sapi Bali Merespons Perubahan Cuaca di Kabupaten Merauke Papua. thesis, Bogor Agriculture University, Bogor, 2012.

R.D. Frandson. Anatomi dan Fisiologi Ternak. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Pr, 1996.

W.R. Kelly. Veterinary Clinical Diagnosis. London: Bailliere Tindall, 1984.

N. Silanikove. Effect of Heat Stress on The Walfare of Extensively Managed Domestic Ruminants. Livestock Production Science. Vol 67.pp 1-18. 2000

Aryogi, Sumadi, W. Hrdjosubroto. Performans Sapi Silangan Peranakan Ongole di Dataran Rendah (Studi Kasus di Kecamatan Kota Anyar Kabupaten Probolinggo Jawa Timur). In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner. Bogor. 2005.

K.G. Gebremedhin, P.E. Hillman, C.N. Lee, R.J. Collier, S.T. Willard, J.D. Arthington, T.M. Brown-Brandl. Sweating rates of dairy cows and beef heifers in hot conditions. Am SocAgric Biol Eng.Vol 51. pp 2167-2178. 2008.

D.T. Beatty, A. Barnes, E. Taylor, D. Pethick, M. McCarthy, S.K. Maloney. Physiological responses of Bos taurus and Bos indicus cattle to prolonged, continuous heat and humidity. Journal of Animal Science. Vol. 84. pp 72985. 2006.

S. Yani and B.P. Purwanto. Pengaruh iklim mikro terhadap respons fisiologis sapi peranakan Fries holland dan modifikasi lingkungan untuk meningkatkan produktivitasnya. Media Peternakan. Vol 29. pp 35-46. 2006.

R.J. Collier, D.E. Dahl, M.J. VanBaale. Major advances associated with environmental effects on dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science. Vol 89. pp 1244-1253. 2006.

M.Shibata. Factors affecting thermal balance and production of ruminants in a hot environment. A Review. Mem.Nat.Inst. Anim. Ind. No. 10 National Institute of Animal Industri Tsukuba, Japan,1996.

K. Adhianto, Siswanto, CN Kesuma. Pengaruh Frekuensi Penyiraman Air Menggunakan Sprinkler terhadap Respon Fisiologis dan Pertumbuhan Sapi Peranakan Simenal. Buletin Peternakan, Vol. 39 (2). pp.109-115. 2015.

M.A. Chytil.Physiological responses of slick versus normal haired Holstein x Senepol crossbred cattle in Florida. thesis, University of Florida, 2002

P.G.G. Jackson and P.D. Cockcroft. Clinical Examination on Farm Animals. Malden, USA : Blackwell Science Ltd, 2002.

D.K. Beede and R.J. Coolier. Potential nutricions for intensive managed cattle during thermal stress. Journal of Animal Science.Vol 62. pp 543. 1986.

H. Sonjaya. Dasar Fisiologi Ternak. Bogor Agriculture University, Bogor, 2013.

S.F. Amarakiri and R. Mardi. The rate of cutaneous evaporation in some tropical andtemperate breed of cattle in Nigeria. Animal Production. Vol. 20. pp. 6368. 1975.

K.G. Gebremedhin. Heat exchange between livestock and environment. In: Stress Physiology in Livestock. Vol. I Basic Principles. Yousef AK (Ed). Boca Raton Florida, 1984.


  • There are currently no refbacks.





About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).