Epidemiology of Lymphatic filariasis in Danbatta and Kumbotso Local Government Areas of Kano State, Nigeria


Abstract


Among those presenting overt clinical manifestations of LF, 10.64% of the males had hydrocele in Danbatta LGA, while no case of hydrocele or lypmhoedema was recorded in Kumbotso LGA. Analysis of KAP data from questionnaire administered and retrieved showed a significant difference in prevalence of LF between individuals who are aware and have knowledge of LF and those that lacked knowledge of the disease (P < 0.05). It was concluded that LF is endemic in Danbatta and Kumbotso LGAs of Kano State. Considering the poor awareness of the disease by the inhabitants in the two LGAs, there is need for relevant Government agencies and Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to launch awareness campaigns on the causes of LF, transmission, symptoms and measures that can be taken to prevent infection by this dilapidating disease for improved health and economic development of the State and the country at large.

Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a major cause of permanent disability in many tropical and sub tropical countries of the world including Nigeria. To determine the prevalence and the common clinical manifestation Lymphatic filariasis in two Local Governent Areas of Kano State, Nigeria, blood samples were collected from 357 individuals in Danbatta and Kumbotso LGAs between 10pm 3am using heparinized capillary tubes. Samples collected were processed by thick smear and wet preparation techniques respectively. Participating individuals were also examined for overt clinical manifestation of lymphatic filariasis by Medical personnel. Information on age, sex, knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of participated individuals were also recorded using questionnaire. Out of the 357 individuals examined, 3.6% were found to be infected by W. bancrofti. Danbatta LGA had relatively higher (5.9%) prevalence than Kumbotso LGA (1.2%). In Danbatta LGA, infection was found to be higher in males (10.60%) than females (04.50%) while higher infection rate was recorded in females (4.54%) than males (2.0%) in Kumbotso LGA.


Keywords


Lymphatic filariasis; microfilariae; hydrocele; elephantiasis; lymphedema.

Full Text:

PDF

References


. World Health Organization (WHO). The World Health Fact sheet on lymphatic filariasis. Fact sheet No 102, 2004. Available: www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs102/e [Jun 31, 2015]

. Carter Centre. Lymphatic filariasis Elimination Program. Internet: Available: www.cartercenter.org/health/lf/index.html. 2008 [Dec. 12, 2015].

. S.K. Dunyo, M. Appawu, F.K. Nkrumah, A. Baffoe Wilmot, E.M. Pedersen & P.E. Simonsen. Lymphatic filariasis on the coast of Ghana. Transactions of the Royal Society of Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 90, pp. 34 638, Nov. 2005.

. P.N. Okorie, G.O. Ademowo, Y. Saka, E. Davies, C. Okoronkwo, M.J. Bockarie & D.H. Molyneux. Lymphatic filariasis baseline survey in two sentinel sites of Ogun State. Panafrican Medical Journal, vol. 7(9), pp. 2416, Sep, 2013.

. E. Abel, O.R. Frank, D.D. Blandy, E.S. Miri, I. Gantor, G. Ogah, J. Umaru, M.Y. Junaidu, W. Mathai, S. Amadugwu & D. Hospkins. Rapid assessment for lymphatic filariasis in Central Nigeria: A comparison of the immunochromatographic test and hydrocoele rates in an area of high endemicity The American society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 68 (6), pp. 643 646, Jun, 2005.

. J.C. Anosike. Studies on Filariasis in Some Local Government Areas of Bauchi State, Nigeria. PhD thesis, University of Jos, Plateau State, 2005.

. E.L. Braide, B. Ikpeme, E. Edet, I. Atting, U.F. Ekpo, B. Esu & O.O. Kale. Preliminary Observations on the Occurrence of Lymphatic Filariasis in Cross River State, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, vol. 24, pp. 9 -16, Jan, 2003.

. M. M. Dogara, H. Nock, R. Agbede, S. Ndams & K. Joseph. (2012, Jan). Prevalence of Lymphatic Filariasis in Three Villages in Kano State, Nigeria. The Internet Journal of Tropical Medicine, [Online]. 8(1). Available: https://ispub.com/IJTM/8/1/14053 [Sep, 2015].

. E. Micheal, D.A.P. Bundy & B.T. Grenfell. Reassessing the Global Prevalence and Distribution of Lymphatic Filariasis. Parasitology Today. 112, pp. 409 428, Apr, 1996.

. National Population Commission (NPC). Report of the Nigerias National Population Commission on the 2006 census. Population and Development Review. Published by National Population Council, vol. 33(1), pp. 206 210, 2007.

. World Health Organization (WHO). Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis: Managing morbidity and preventing disability. WHO Press, World Health Organisation Geneva 27, Switzerland, pp. 17 28, 2013.

. O.S. Bolaji, S.O. Uthman-izobo, O. Ojurongbe,O.O. Opaleye & O.A. Adeyeba. Filariasis among asymptomatic blood donors in general hospital, Odan Marina Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Applied, Natural and Social Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 77-182, Jun, 2010.

. M. M. Dogara, H. I. Nock, R. I. S. Agbede, & I. S. Ndams. (2014, Dec). Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes and Perceptions (KAPs) of Lymphatic Filariasis Patients in Kano State, Nigeria. .International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health [Online]. 1 (10), pp. 207-210. Available: http://www.journalissues.org/IRJPEH/ [Aug, 2015]

. World Health Organization (WHO). The World Health Report 1995: Bridging the gaps. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1995.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

 
  
 

 

  


About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).