Epidemiology of Lymphatic filariasis in Danbatta and Kumbotso Local Government Areas of Kano State, Nigeria


Among those presenting overt clinical manifestations of LF, 10.64% of the males had hydrocele in Danbatta LGA, while no case of hydrocele or lypmhoedema was recorded in Kumbotso LGA. Analysis of KAP data from questionnaire administered and retrieved showed a significant difference in prevalence of LF between individuals who are aware and have knowledge of LF and those that lacked knowledge of the disease (P < 0.05). It was concluded that LF is endemic in Danbatta and Kumbotso LGAs of Kano State. Considering the poor awareness of the disease by the inhabitants in the two LGAs, there is need for relevant Government agencies and Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to launch awareness campaigns on the causes of LF, transmission, symptoms and measures that can be taken to prevent infection by this dilapidating disease for improved health and economic development of the State and the country at large.

Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a major cause of permanent disability in many tropical and sub tropical countries of the world including Nigeria. To determine the prevalence and the common clinical manifestation Lymphatic filariasis in two Local Governent Areas of Kano State, Nigeria, blood samples were collected from 357 individuals in Danbatta and Kumbotso LGAs between 10pm 3am using heparinized capillary tubes. Samples collected were processed by thick smear and wet preparation techniques respectively. Participating individuals were also examined for overt clinical manifestation of lymphatic filariasis by Medical personnel. Information on age, sex, knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of participated individuals were also recorded using questionnaire. Out of the 357 individuals examined, 3.6% were found to be infected by W. bancrofti. Danbatta LGA had relatively higher (5.9%) prevalence than Kumbotso LGA (1.2%). In Danbatta LGA, infection was found to be higher in males (10.60%) than females (04.50%) while higher infection rate was recorded in females (4.54%) than males (2.0%) in Kumbotso LGA.


Lymphatic filariasis; microfilariae; hydrocele; elephantiasis; lymphedema.

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