The Influence of Biological Environment on the Silver-Coated Implants

Beata Swieczko-Zurek, Iwona Inkielewicz-Stepniak, Karolina Siwicka

Abstract


The environment of the human body is very aggressive, containing among others bacteria, which contribute to the degradation of metal implants. Therefore sometimes implants are covered with nanometals to prevent development of aggressive bacteria. This paper deals with implants covered with nanosilver (15nm), which is antibacterial. The tested implants included: PE vein implant, an intramedullary implant made of stainless steel  and  brass implant for tracheotomy. The results showed an appearance of implants covered with silver as dependent on the type of bacteria: although silver significantly protected implants against some bacteria, a presence of some amounts of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis was noticed after long term exposure in the human body. Only single bacteria could be observed on the surface of the tested materials. Such behavior is evidence, that silver coatings are effective for different form of materials in the presence of various bacteria, however, such behavior is related to form of  bacteria.


Keywords


implants; silver coatings; bacteria.

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References


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