Ability of Papaya Leaf Extract (Carica papaya) in Controlling Aedes Aegypti Mosquito (Experimental Study)

Rasman Rasman, La Taha, Juhaerah Juhaerah

Abstract


Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever DHF is caused by dengue virus is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which often occurs in various regions. Due to the mosquito-borne virus that causes the disease from live around us. Various prevention efforts have been done by using an electric mosquito repellent with papaya extract active ingredients as vegetable insecticide. The aim of research to determine the ability of papaya extract in controlling the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This type of research is an experiment, with the active ingredient papaya extract concentrate of 50%, 60%, and 70% in light weather conditions. The results showed that papaya leaf extract, the first 15 minutes pulled all the mosquitoes in a cage and there is no death. At a concentration of 50% LC50 is reached after 45 minutes on average Aedes aegypti dead reached 11 tails. LC50 at 60% concentration is reached after 30 minutes on average Aedes aegypti dead reached 16 tails. LC50 at 70% concentration is reached after 30 minutes on average observation Aedes aegypti dead reached 17 tails. This mosquito smell the papaya extract containing bitter substances karpain an insecticide plant alkaloid that is not favored by mosquitoes. Alkoloid karpain that has the characteristics of safe neurotoxin when inhaled by humans. As an insect neurotoxin exposure to toxins is generally experiencing spasms and paralysis before death. Conclusions research papaya extract is able to control the mosquito Aedes aegypti with standard LC50. Concentration of 60% papaya extract more effective than a concentration of 50% and 70%. It is recommended to people to take advantage of papaya leaf extract as an alternative vegetable insecticide.


Keywords


Aedes aegypti; Papaya Leaf Extract.

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References


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