Community-Based Mangrove Management: The Relationship between Perhutani and Cultivators in Muara Gembong, Bekasi Regency, West Java Province

Maya Ambinari, Dudung Darusman, Hadi S. Alikodra, Nyoto Santoso


Mangrove ecosystem sustainability is determined by the success of the relationship between the parties relating to its management. But it turns out in practice often arise various problems referred to as the Principal-Agent problem. The purpose of this study was to determine the problems that occur in the relationship between Perum Perhutani (principal) with Cultivators (Agent) in mangrove management in state-owned land in Muara Gembong, Bekasi Regency, and West Java Province that continues to be degraded and deforested. This research is a qualitative research with 15 key informants who connected with mangrove forest management in Muara Gembong. The results showed that Perum Perhutani with the Cultivators have reached an agreement in mangrove management as outlined in the Cooperation Agreement in Planting, Maintenance, Protection and Utilization of Mangrove Forest, which contains the rights and obligations of both parties in the management of mangroves, as well as prohibitions and sanctions for violating the agreement.

Still mangrove forest damage caused partly due to the Principal Agent problem such as the adverse selection, asymmetric information, contract design, moral hazard, lack of incentives, and lack of control. To solve the principal agent problem in Muara Gembong, it should be prepared a better contract in order to bring the interests of both parties, increasing the number of Territorial Police (Polter) in the field, create an incentive structure that encourages Cultivators to obey the Cooperation Agreement, improve counseling and supervision to the Cultivators.


community based management; mangrove management; muara gembong

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