Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigations: Students Knowledge and Experiences in Jimma University, Ethiopia

Dessalegn Obsi Gemeda, Akalu Dafisa Sima


Climate change adaptation and mitigation are essential to minimize the potential impacts of climate particularly for the Sub-Saharan Africa like Ethiopia due to high vulnerability to the effects of climate change. Afforestation, re-afforestation, forest conservation, using water in efficient way, water harvesting and storage techniques, livelihood diversifications and green economy are some of the potential climate change adaptation and mitigation options. The study was conducted in Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine to assess the student knowledge and experiences on climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies and the way forward to minimize the future impacts of climate change. A total of 95 respondents were purposively selected from the Department of Natural Resources Management and Agricultural Economics and Extensions. Open and close ended questionnaire were distributed to the students in the classroom at the end of the semester for data collection. The collected data were analyzed by using Microsoft office excel and Statistical Pakage for Social Science version 20. Descriptive Statistics such as frequency and percentage were employed to examine the student knowledge and experiences on adaptation and mitigation options.

The results of the study show that majority of the students (87.4%) perceived that climate change is occurring in Ethiopia. Based on their knowledge and experiences on climate change and its impacts the students prioritized afforestation, forest conservation, re-afforestation, wise use of water and diversifying community livelihoods as the top five ranked adaption and mitigation options in Ethiopia.

The study suggests that capacity building at different levels in the form of training and workshop on climate change adaptation and mitigation is crucial; the wise use of natural resources in general and specifically the conservation of forest should be encouraged in all regions of Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Ministry of Education should incorporate the issue of climate change and its adaptation and mitigation options in all discipline as much as possible.


adaptation; afforestation, climate change; Jimma University; mitigations

Full Text:



Bhatta, L. D., Helmuth van Oort, B. C., Stork, N.S., and Baral, H., 2015. Ecosystem Services and Livelhoods in Changing Climate: Understanding Local Adaptations in the Upper Koshi, Nepal, International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services and Management, 11: 2, 145-155.

Kahiluoto, H., Rimhanen, K., Rtter, R., and Tseganeh, B., 2012. Mitigation of Climate Change to Enhance Food Security: An Analytical Framework, Forum for Development Studies, 39: 1, 51-73.

Tiani, A. M., Bele, M. Y., and Sonwa, D. J., 2014. What are we taking about? The State of Perceptions and Knowledge on REDD+ and Adaptation to Climate Change in Central Africa, Climate Development.

Aberra, Y., 2014. Rainwater Harvesting for Climate Change Adaptations in Ethiopia: Policy and Institutional Analysis. Institutes of Development Economics, Japan External Trade Organizations.

United States Climate Action Report. 2014. First Biennial Report of the United States of America. Accessed on May 23, 2015.

Singh, A., Unnikrishnan, S., Naik, N., and Duvvuri, K., 2013. Role of Indias Forest in Climate Change Mitigation through the CDM and REDD+, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 56: 1, 61-87.

Tetteh, E. M., Opareh, N. O., Ampadu, R., and Antwid, K. B., 2014. Impact of Climate Change: Views and Perceptions of Policy Makers on Smallholder Agriculture in Ghana, International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) (2014) Volume 13, No1, pp 79-89.

Gemeda, D. O., 2015. Perceptions of Climate Change among Natural Resources Management Students at Jimma University, Ethiopia, International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) (2015) Volume 23, No 1, pp 106-119.

Bofferding, L., and Kloser, M., 2015. Middle and High School Students Conceptions of Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies, Environmental Education Research, 21: 2, 275-294.

Bryan, E., Deressa, T., Gbetibouo, G., and Ringler, C., 2009. Adaptation to Climate Change in Ethiopia and South Africa: Options and Constraints. Environmental Science and Policy, 12: 413-426.

Hummel, D., 2015. Climate Change, Land degradation and Migration in Mali and Senegal-some policy implications, Migration and Development. Institute of Social-Ecological Research, Hamburger Allee 45, 60486 Frankfurt/Main, German.

Sanchez, A. C., Fandohan, B., Assogbadjo, A.C., and Sinsin, B., 2012. A country Wide Multi-ethnic Assessment of Local Communities Perceptions of Climate Change in Benin (West Africa), Climate and Development, 4: 2, 114-128.

Hope, K. R., 2009. Climate Change and Poverty in Africa, International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 16: 6, 451-461.

Monirul, M., and Mirza, Q., 2003. Climate Change and Extreme Weather events: can Developing Countries adapt? Climate Policy, 3: 3, 233-248.

Huq, S., Rahman, A., Konate, Y. S., and Reid, H., 2003. Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change in Least Developed Countries (LDCs). Accessed on May 29, 2015.

Huq, S., Reid, H., Konate, M., Rahman, A., Sokona, Y., and Crick, F., 2004. Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change in Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Climate Policy, 4: 1, 25-43.

Bruckner, M., 2012. Climate Change Vulnerability and the Identification of Least Developed Countries. The United Nations Development Policy and Analysis Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Accessed on May 29, 2015.

Wilbanks, T. J., Kane, S. M., Leiby, P. N., Perlack, R. D., Settle C., Shogren, J.F., and Smith, J. B., 2003. Possible Responses to Global Climate Change: Integrating Mitigation and Adaptation, Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 45: 5, 28-38.

Van den Heu vel, R. P., and Kabir, M. E., 2013. Experience of Climate Change Adaptation; Emic Perception of Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction Programs in Bangladesh. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) (2013). Volume 10, No 1, pp 164-175.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2007. Assessment of Adaptation Practices, Options, Constraints and Capacity: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the 4th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press.717-743. Accessed on May 23, 2015.

Srinivasan, A., and Shaw, R., 2009. Climate Change and Local level disaster risk reduction planning: Need, Opportunities and Challenges. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14: 7-33.

Tompkins, E. L., and Adger, W. N., 2003. Building Resilience to Climate Change through Adaptive Management of Natural Resources. Working Paper 27. Tyndall Center for Climate Change Research, UK, pp19. Accessed on May 23, 2015.

Sperling, F., and Szekely, F., 2005. Disaster Risk Management in Changing Climate. Information Discussion Paper Prepared for the World Conferences on Disaster Reduction on behalf of the Vulnerability and Adaptation Resources Group (VARG). Washington, District of Colombia, 42 pp.

Grainger, A., 2009. Compensating for Opportunity Costs in Forest-based Global Climate Change Mitigation, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 27: 51, 163-176.

Lasocki, T. J., 2008. Climate Change Mitigation through Forestry: Theory and Practices, Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 14: 2-3, 147-166.

Locatelli, B., Evans, V., Wardell, A., Andrade, A., and Vignola, R., 2011. Forest and Climate Change in Latin America: Linking Adaptation and Mitigation. Forests, 2011, 2, 431-450.

Nabuurs, G, J., and Masera, O., 2007. Forestry. In: Mentz, B., Davidson, O. R., Bosch, P. R., Dave, R., and Meyer, L. A., eds. Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessement Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, 543-544.

Park, M. S., Choi, E. S., and Youn, Y. C., 2013. REDD+ as an International Cooperation Strategy under the Global Climate Change Regime, Forest Science and Technology, 9: 4, 213-224.

UN-REDD Programme Strategy 2011-2015. Assessed on May 24, 2015.

Barthwal, S., Chandola-Barthwal, S., Goyal, H., Nirmani, B., and Awasthi, B., 2014. Socio-economic Acceptance of rooftop rainwater harvesting- A Case study, Urban Water Journal, 11: 3, 231-239.

Pandey, D. N., Gupta, A. K., and Anderson, D. M., 2003. Rainwater Harvesting as Adaptation to Climate Change. Current Science, Vol 85, No, 1. /temp/reading4.pdf.Accessed on May 25, 2015.

Vaidya, R. A., 2015. Governance and Management of Local Water Storage in the Hindu Kush Himalayas, International Journal of Water Resources Development, 31: 2, 253-268.


  • There are currently no refbacks.





About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).