A Multidisciplinary Framework for Measuring and Improving Wellbeing

Emily Dawn Wassell, Rachel Dodge


Wellbeing is a critical multidisciplinary concept for a better future. In defining wellbeing as a balance point between resources and challenges, autonomy and intensity, as well as support and demand, we can see the dynamic nature of wellbeing. It is critical to understand the relevant realms of wellbeing for different individuals and systems. To achieve wellbeing it is important to understand all the players involved in creating and sustaining wellbeing. Incorporating theory and current research it is clear that any system to measure, understand, or increase wellbeing must contain multidisciplinary theories and findings, incorporate co-responsibility and appreciative inquiry, and include feedback loops that allow for accurate daily measurement of the challenges and resources available on any given day. The purpose of this paper is to integrate a new definition of wellbeing with theory and research from multiple disciplines to create a framework for the real world practice of measuring wellbeing.


wellbeing; multidisciplinary; fit; appreciative; co-responsibility; environment.

Full Text:



M. E. P. Seligman, R. M. Ernst, J. Gillham, K. Reivich, and M. Linkins, "Positive education: Positive psychology and classroom interventions," Oxford Review of Education, vol. 35, pp. 293-311, 2009.

K. M. Caviness, "Food for Thought: The Importance of Nutrition for Cognitive and Physical Well-Being," 2009.

A. Stutzer and B. Frey, "Recent Developments in the Economics of Happiness: A Selective Overview," Recent Developments in the Economics of Happiness: A Selective Overview. IZA Discussion Paper, 2012.

R. Layard, "Happiness and public policy: a challenge to the profession*," The Economic Journal, vol. 116, pp. C24-C33, 2006.

D. J. Siegel, The Mindful Brain: The Neurobiology of Well-being: Sounds True, 2008.

A. C. Michalos, "Education, happiness and wellbeing," Social Indicators Research, vol. 87, pp. 347-366, 2008.

F. Thomas, "The role of natural environments within women's everyday health and wellbeing in Copenhagen, Denmark," Health & place, 2014.

A. Howells, I. Ivtzan, and F. J. Eiroa-Orosa, "Putting the appin Happiness: A Randomised Controlled Trial of a Smartphone-Based Mindfulness Intervention to Enhance Wellbeing," Journal of Happiness Studies, pp. 1-23, 2014.

D. Hardy, "Integrative Wellbeing: From Theory to Implementation," 2014.

A. T. Ahuvia, Neil , D. B. D. Haybron, Robert, and M. T. Ricard, Jean "Happines: An interactionist perspective," International Journal of Wellbeing, vol. 5, pp. 01-18, 2015.

S. Bevan, "The business case for employees health and wellbeing," A report prepared for Investors in People, 2010.

D. G. Blanchflower and A. J. Oswald, "International happiness," National Bureau of Economic Research2011.

R. Layard, "Government's role should be to increase happiness and reduce misery. Policy analysis must be recast to reflect outcomes in terms of changes to happiness.," in blogs.lse.ac.uk vol. 2012, ed: blogs.LSE.AC.UK, October 17, 2011.

K. Danna and R. W. Griffin, "Health and well-being in the workplace: A review and synthesis of the literature," Journal of management, vol. 25, pp. 357-384, 1999.

M. G. Piety, "The long term: Capitalism and culture in the new millennium," Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 51, pp. 103-118, May 2004 2004.

A. Bandura, "Social cognitive theory," Encyclopedia of psychology, vol. 7, pp. 329-332, 2000.

G. C. Homans, "Social behavior: Its elementary forms," 1961.

K. S. Cook, C. Cheshire, E. R. Rice, and S. Nakagawa, Social exchange theory: Springer, 2013.

B. Headey and A. Wearing, "Personality, life events, and subjective well-being: toward a dynamic equilibrium model," Journal of Personality and Social psychology, vol. 57, p. 731, 1989.

M. Wheatley, Leadership and the new science. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2006.

J. Fris and A. Lazaridou, "An Additional Way of Thinking about Organizational Life and Leadership: The Quantum Perspective," canadian Journal of Educational administration and policy, vol. 48, pp. 1-29, 2006.

R. Atun, "Health systems, systems thinking and innovation," Health policy and planning, vol. 27, pp. iv4-iv8, 2012.

D. Stocker, N. Jacobshagen, R. Krings, I. B. Pfister, and N. K. Semmer, "Appreciative leadership and employee well-being in everyday working life," Zeitschrift fuer Personalforschung. German Journal of Research in Human Resource Management, vol. 28, pp. 73-95, 2014.

D. L. Cooperrider, "Positive image, positive action: The affirmative basis of organizing," Srivastras, S. and Cooperrider, D. Appreciative Management and Leadership, 1990.

D. L. Cooperrider and D. Whitney, "A positive revolution in change: Appreciative inquiry."

C. Elliott and I. I. f. S. Development, Locating the energy for change: An introduction to appreciative inquiry: International Institute for Sustainable Development Winnipeg, 1999.

J. M. Watkins and D. Cooperrider, "Appreciative inquiry: A transformative paradigm," OD PRACTITIONER, vol. 32, pp. 6-12, 2000.

S. Lyubomirsky and K. Layous, "How do simple positive activities increase well-being?," Current Directions in Psychological Science, vol. 22, pp. 57-62, 2013.

M. Egan, C. Bambra, S. Thomas, M. Petticrew, M. Whitehead, and H. Thomson, "The psychosocial and health effects of workplace reorganisation. 1. A systematic review of organisational-level interventions that aim to increase employee control," Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 61, pp. 945-954, 2007.

R. Dodge, A. P. Daly, J. Huyton, and L. D. Sanders, "The challenge of defining wellbeing," International Journal of Wellbeing, vol. 2, 2012.

A. B. R. de Arellano, "calibrating contentment: the Metrics of health and happiness," Puerto Rico health sciences journal, vol. 33, 2014.

R. Veenhoven, Happiness as an aim in public policy: The greatest happiness principle, 2004.

K. Macky and P. Boxall, "High-involvement work processes, work intensification and employee well-being: A study of New Zealand worker experiences," Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, vol. 46, pp. 38-55, 2008.

L. B. Hendry, & Kloep, M. , Lifespan development: Resources, challenges and risks. . London: Thomson Learning, 2002

M. Csikszentmihalyi, Beyond boredom and anxiety. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1975.

M. Csikszentmihalyi, Flow: The Classic work on how to achieve happiness. London: Rider Books, 2002

J. Nakamura, & Csikszentmihalyi, M. , "The construction of meaning through vital engagement " in Flourishing C. K. J. Haidt, Ed., ed Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books, 2002 pp. pp. 83-104.

M. E. Assessment, "Guide to the millennium assessment reports," www. millenniu massessment. org/en/index. aspx (accessed June 26, 2008), 2013.

M. Durand, "The OECD Better Life Initiative: How's Life? and the Measurement of Well?Being," Review of Income and Wealth, 2014.

E. Schein, Organizational culture and leadership, fourth ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2010.

L. Guttman, "Measurement as structural theory," Psychometrika, vol. 36, pp. 329-347, 1971.

R. Z. Goetzel, R. J. Ozminkowski, L. I. Sederer, and T. L. Mark, "The business case for quality mental health services: why employers should care about the mental health and well-being of their employees," Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 44, pp. 320-330, 2002.

A. A. Stone and C. Mackie, Subjective well-being: Measuring happiness, suffering, and other dimensions of experience: National Academies Press, 2014.

K. M. Sheldon and L. Houser-Marko, "Self-concordance, goal attainment, and the pursuit of happiness: Can there be an upward spiral?," Journal of personality and social psychology, vol. 80, p. 152, 2001.

B. S. Frey and A. Stutzer, "The use of happiness research for public policy," Social Choice and Welfare, pp. 1-16, 2012.

J. F. Helliwell and H. Huang, "Well-Being in the Workplace: What Roles for Unions and Gender?," Re-Creating Canada: Essays in Honour of Paul Weiler, 2009.

J. F. Helliwell and H. Huang, "How's the job? Well-being and social capital in the workplace," Industrial & Labor Relations Review, vol. 63, pp. 205-227, 2010.

N. Renee Baptiste, "Tightening the link between employee wellbeing at work and performance: A new dimension for HRM," Management Decision, vol. 46, pp. 284-309, 2008.

R. Layard, "Government's role should be to increase happiness and reduce misery . Policy analysis must be recast to reflect outcomes in terms of changes to happiness.," in blogs.lse.ac.uk vol. 2012, ed: blogs.LSE.AC.UK, October 17, 2011.

N. Powdthavee, "Happiness and well-being," Review for the Beyond Current Horizons Programme. Bristol: Futurelab. www. beyondcurrenthorizons. org. uk/evidence/work-and-employment, 2009.

F. Commission, "Families and Wh?nau Status Report 2013," 2013.


  • There are currently no refbacks.





About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).