A Fuzzy Linguistic VIKOR Multiple Criteria Group Decision Making Method for Supplier Selection

Jamil Ahmad, Juiping Xu, Muhammad Nazam, Muhammad Kashif Javed


One of the important stages in supply chain management is called supplier selection. It is a highly important multiple criteria group decision making problem because the supplier performance has become a crucial element in a companys quality success or failure and clearly influences the responsiveness of the industry or company. They have a key role on cost, delivery, quality and service in achieving the objective of the company in supply chain process. In this study, a multiple criteria group decision making (MCGDM) technique based on fuzzy set theory and fuzzy linguistic VIKOR method is presented to solve the supplier selection problem. Fuzzy linguistic VIKOR method is developed to deal with conflicting and non-commensurable criteria. The defuzzification can be carried out immediately after the aggregation of individual preference or after computing the separation values. Linguistic variables are also used by decision makers to assess the weights and ratings for the given criteria. A numerical example of the selection of suitable supplier for Lucky Cement Factory Limited (LCL) in Pakistan is used to illustrate the application of the proposed approach.


Multiple criteria group decision making; Supplier selection in Supply chain management;Triangular fuzzy variables; Linguistic VIKOR

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