A Paradigm Shift to Outcomes-Based Higher Education: Policies, Principles and Preparations

Romer C. Castillo


This article presents the policies regarding Outcomes-Based Education (OBE) System of the Commission on Higher Education and explores some of the principles of OBE that abound the literature. It is intended to help Batangas State University, particularly the College of Accountancy, Business, Economics and International Hospitality Management, prepare for a paradigm shift to an outcomes-based higher education. It does not claim nor attempt to be a comprehensive review or treatise on OBE. Rather, it provides concepts that are central to OBE and which can be put into practical actions.


Outcomes-Based Education; Outcomes-Based Teaching and Learning; Learning Outcomes

Full Text:



Batangas State University Strategic Plan 2012 2016.

CHED Memorandum Order (CMO) No. 37, Series of 2012.

CHED Memorandum Order (CMO) No. 46, Series of 2012.

` M.H. Davis. Outcomes-based education. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education 30 (3), pp. 227-232, 2003. http://www.utpjournals.com/jvme/tocs/303/258.pdf

European Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Education Network. Implementing Outcomes-Based Education in Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 2012. http://ectn-assoc.cpe.fr/ network/ec2e2n/wp/doc/ WG15_EC2E2N_ ImprovingLearningOutcomes_260312.pdf

Guidelines for the Implementation of CMO No. 46, Series of 2012.

R.M. Harden. Ten questions to ask when planning a course or curriculum. Medical Education, vol. 20, pp. 356-365, 1986. http://www.dhpescu.org/media/elip/Harden-1986(1).pdf

R. Harden, J. Crosby and M. Davis. An introduction to outcome-based education. Medical Teacher, 21(1), pp. 7-14, 1999. http://deu.edu.tr/UploadedFiles/Birimles/16781RMHARDEN(Outcomebasededucation) MAKALE.pdf

W. Houghton. Engineering Subject Centre Guide: Learning and Teaching Theory for Engineering Academics. The Higher Education Academy Engineering Subject Centre, 2004. http://www.heacademy.ac.uk/assets/documents/subjects/engineering/learning-teaching-theory.pdf

R. Killen. Outcome-based education: Principles and possibilities. Unpublished manuscript, University of Newcastle, Australia, 2000. http://drjj.uitm.edu.my/DRJJ/CONFERENCE/UPSI/OBEKillen.pdf

W. Spady and K.J. Marshall. Beyond traditional outcomes-based education. Educational Leadership, 49(2), pp. 67-72, 1991. http://www.ascd.org/ASCD/pdf/journals/ed_lead/el_199110_spady.pdf.


  • There are currently no refbacks.





About IJSBAR | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJSBAR is published by (GSSRR).